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    Mount Aragats, Armenia
    Mount Aragats, the isolated four-peaked volcano massif is the highest point of the Lesser Caucasus and Armenia.
    Image: Alexander Mkhitaryan
     
    Flag of Armenia
    Flag of Armenia
     
    Location map of Armenia. Where in the world is Armenia?
    Location map of Armenia
    Destination Armenia, this page is about the landlocked country on the crossroad between Europe and Asia. The former Soviet republic is situated in southeastern Europe/western Asia, east of Turkey, north of Iran and south of the mountainous Caucasus region (Transcaucasia). It is also bordered by Azerbaijan and Georgia.

    With an area of 29,743 km2 Armenia is just slightly smaller than Belgium, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maryland.

    Armenia has a population of just 3 million people (in 2015). Capital and largest city is Yerevan.

    Here you will find comprehensive information about Armenia in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
    You will have access to newspapers from Armenia and you will find travel and tourism information.


    Republic of Armenia | Hayastan


    Country Profile




    Background:
    Armenia, situated along the route of the Great Silk Road, is a landlocked country of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, located in the southern Caucasus, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.
    It is the smallest of the former Soviet republics, bounded by Georgia on the north, Azerbaijan on the east, Iran on the south, and Turkey on the west.

    History
    Armenia was a regional empire with a rich culture in the years leading up to the 1st Century CE, at one period controlling all the land between the Black and Caspian Seas.
    In 301, Armenia was the first state to formally adopt Christianity as its official state religion, twelve years before Rome. It also changed between various dynasties. But after Parthian (Iranian), Roman, Arab, Mongol and Persian occupation, Armenia had been substantially weakened. In 1454, the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia divided Armenia among themselves.
    (Source: Wikipedia)

    Tourist Destination Armenia
    Numerous monuments and masterpieces of the Ancient era and Middle Ages can be found throughout the country. Tourism in Armenia is rooted in the country's historical landmarks and natural attractions such as the water resorts of Lake Sevan, the hot springs of Arzni and Jermuk, the forests of Dilijan, Aghveran, Tsaghkadzor, Bjurakan and Gugark, and the mountainous natural caves and cliffs of the Southeast region. The 5165 meter Mount Ararat, geographically located in Turkey, is a national symbol of Armenia and is visible from much of the Southwest region. (Source: MOFA Armenia)

    related countries: Russia
     
     


    Official Name:
    Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
    short form: Hayastan
    int'l long form: Republic of Armenia
    int'l short form: Armenia

    ISO Country Code: am

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC +4h
    Actual Time: Mon-Nov-9  18:02
    Daylight Saving Time (DST+5h) 28 March - 31 October

    Country Calling Code: +374

    Capital City: Yerevan (pop. 1.2 million)

    Other Cities:
    Gyumri (pop. 121 000), Vanadzor (pop. 74 000) and Abovian (pop. 54 000),
    Echmiadzin (seat of the patriarchate of the Armenian Apostolic Church).

    Government:
    Type: Republic with a presidential governing system.
    Head of state: President
    Constitution: Approved in 1995 referendum. (Text of the Constitution in PDF format)
    Independence: (from Turkey, the then declining Ottoman Empire) 1918; First Armenian Republic .
    21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union).


    Geography:
    Location: Asia, in the southern Caucasus.
    Total area: 29,800 km2 (11,490 square miles)
    Terrain: Rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, one-third of the country is pastureland, forest and woodland cover 12 percent.

    Climate:
    Continetal, with lower temperatures and more precipitation in higher elevations. In central plateau temperature varies widely with cold winters and hot summers.

    People:
    Nationality: Armenian(s).
    Population: 3.0 million (2015)
    Ethnic groups: Armenian 98%; Yezidi 1.2%; Russian, Greek, and other 0.8%.
    Religion: Armenian Apostolic Church (more than 90% nominally affiliated).
    Languages: Armenian (Hayeren) 96%, Russian, other.
    Literacy: 99%.

    Natural resources: Small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina.

    Agriculture products: Fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock.

    Industries: Diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy.

    Exports - partners: Russia 15.2%, China 11.1%, Germany 9.8%, Iraq 8.8%, Georgia 7.8%, Canada 7.6%, Bulgaria 5.3%, Iran 5.3% (2015)

    Imports - partners: Russia 29.1%, China 9.7%, Germany 6.2%, Iran 6.1%, Italy 4.6%, Turkey 4.2% (2015)


    Currency: Dram (AMD)

    (Source: Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and others.)

    Armenia in Figures
    Armenia key statistical data.
     



    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Armenia

    Armenia is a republic with a semi-presidential governing system. Head of state is the President. The president appoints the prime minister, who appoints the members of government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the unicameral National Assembly (parliament).
    According to Freedom House official website and other sources, corruption, constitutional reform, and a troubled geopolitical environment continued to present challenges to Armenia.
    In Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 official website where the least corrupt country ranks #1, Armenia is ranked #95 (out of 168) together with Mali, Mexico, and the Philippines.


    Administration of the President of the Republic of Armenia
    Official site of the President, head of state of Armenia.

    Government of Republic of Armenia
    Official Government website of the Republic of Armenia.

    Parliament of Armenia
    The National Assembly of Armenia online.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Official site of Armenia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, provides information on Armenia and its foreign relations.


    Permanent Mission of the Rep. of Armenia to the UN: The Mission
    The Armenian Mission to the United Nations official website provides statements and other information that is relevant to Armenia's work at the United Nations.
    Embassy of Armenia to the United States of America
    Embassy of Armenia in the US.
    Diplomatic Missions of Armenia
    List of Diplomatic Missions by country.


    Statistics
    Armstat
    National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia.


    Armenia Maps
    Map of Armenia
    Political map of Armenia.
    Google Earth Google Earth Armenia
    Searchable map and satellite view of Armenia.
    Google Earth Google Earth Yerevan
    Searchable map and satellite view of Armenia's capital city.

    profile Caucasus and Central Asia Map
    Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
    profile Map of Western Asia
    Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia. 


    Sevanavank, Lake Sevan, Armenia
    Sevanavank (monastry), located on the northwestern shore of Lake Sevan.
    Image: debs-eye
     

    Armenian News


    ARKA News Agency
    ARKA News Agency provides financial, economic and political information.
    Armenpress
    Armenian News Agency.
    AZG
    News from AZG an Armenian daily.

    TV
    Public TV Company of Armenia
    State run TV station.
    Armenia TV
    Private nationwide TV station.

     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    Ministry of Culture
    The High-End-Segement of Armenian culture; books, music, videos and art.
     
     

    Business & Economy


    Central Bank of Armenia
    Official website of the bank which is based in Yerevan.

    Armenian Brands
    Yerevan Brandy Company
    A real Armenian brandy, founded in 1887, today with some support of Pernod Ricard.
     
     
    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Armenia - Country Guides


    Armenia Information
    Armenia travel and tourism information by the Armenian Tourism Development Agency.

    Travel to Armenia
    Short overview of tourist attractions in Armenia by the Armenian US Embassy.
    ArmeniaGuide.com
    Tourguide to Armenia.
    Armenian Tourist Attractions
    A guide to Armenian Tourist Attractions by Cilicia, the largest Armenian Tourism and Travel web site.
    armenians.com
    Armenia: One Nation, One Struggle.
    Ecotourism Armenia
    Informational site about Ecotourism in Armenia.by the Armenian Ecotourism. Association.
    TourArmenia
    Comprehensive travel and tourism guide to and about Armenia.

     


    Education


    American University of Armenia
    The American University of Armenia (AUA) offers Master's level graduate programs.

    Yerevan State University (YSU)
    Official site of the formerly State University of Armenia, the most important institution of higer education in Armenia.

    National Academy of Sciences of Armenia
    Official site of the academy which is part of the Academical Scientific Network of Armenia.
    State-University
    State University
    Photo: Z. Khachikyan

    Environment & Nature


    Climate Change Information Center of Armenia
    Information site on Climate Change and Environmental Projects of Armenia.
     
     

    History


    Armenia's History
    Page about Armenia's rich history by the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    History of Armenia
    Brief overview about the history of Armenia.
     
     

    Issues Armenia


    Nagorno Karabakh (Artsakh)
    The autonomous region Nagorno-Karabakh, formally part of Azerbaijan, is predominantly Armenian populated and effectively under Armenian control. The local Armenian separatists declared independence from Azerbaijan on 10 December 1991 and established Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR). The NKR's sovereign status is not recognized by any country in the world. (Source: Wikipedia)

    MFA of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic
    The official site of the NKR Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    ArmeniaNow
    With news related to Nagorno-Karabakh region and Armenia.

    Spectrum
    Center for Strategic Analysis with the main objectives of examination and analysis of the processes promoting the sustainable political and socioeconomic development of the Republic of Armenia and the region of the South Caucasus as a whole.

    Onnik Krikorian
    Photojournalism from Armenia, Karabagh and the Caucasus; Onnik Krikorian is a journalist and photographer from the UK, now living and working in the Republic of Armenia.
     
     

    Search


    Hayastan.com
    An Armenian portal and internet directory.

    Open Directory Project: Armenia

    Sources and additional Information on Armenia

    Armeniapedia - online Armenia Encyclopedia

    BBC Country Profile: Armenia

    Freedom House: Armenia

    globalEDGE: Armenia

    Wikipedia: Armenia

    The World Factbook -- Armenia
     
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    Other countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia:
    Azerbaijan | Georgia | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan
     
     
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