The map shows the bulk of Asia without the Middle East
. Asia is the largest of the world's continents, it constitutes nearly one-third of Earth
's landmass and is lying entirely north of the equator, except for some Southeast Asian islands. Asia occupies the better part of Eurasia, the largest single landmass on the planet. For good measure, the Malay Archipelago was added to Asia, because it happens to be in the region. Asia borders Europe
(which is part of the same landmass) in the west, along the Ural Mountains, and across the Caspian Sea. The continent is bounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the east, and the Indian Ocean in the south.
For the average Westerner point of view, Asia represents foremost the spices of India, Sushi and Kobe beef from Japan, silk and fine china from China. Zen, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism are the major religions and philosophies associated with Asia, even though Indonesia is currently the most populous country with a Muslim majority population.
More about Asia Area
: about 49,700,000 km2 (19,189,277 sq mi) it covers about 30 percent of Earth's total land area. Population
: more than 4.6 billion people (in 2020), comprise about 60 percent of the world's population.
The highest point is Sagarmatha (or Chomolungma, also known as Mount Everest) at 8,848m (29,028 ft) on the China–Nepal border.
The largest lakes are the Caspian Sea (salt lake) 371,000 km2 (143 250 sq mi), and Ozero Baykal, or Lake Baikal (31,500 km2) in Siberia, is the world's largest freshwater lake by volume.
The longest river is the Yangtze (Yángzî Jiang, or Chang Jiang (simplified Chinese: 長江) in China with a length of 6,380 km (3,964 mi).
The following Asian subregions are depicted on the map:
The Angachak Ridge rises above Jack London Lake in the Yagodninsky District, Magadan Region, in Russia's Far East. Image: Sergei siluyanov North Asia
North Asia, also Northern Asia, consists of the Russian Federation
east of the Ural Mountains: the Ural region, Siberia, and the Russian Far East. North Asia covers an area of 13.1 million km2, about 77% of Russia's territory. In the sparsely populated region, four times the size of India, live about 34 million people. Central Asia
In the modern standard definition, the region is home to the 'stan-countries,' all former Soviet republics, Kazakhstan
, and Uzbekistan
, some definitions also include Afghanistan. Central Asia has an area of 4 million km2 and a population of 73 million. By far the largest country is Kazakhstan (2,724,900 km2). The most populous of all the nations in Central Asia is Uzbekistan (34.2 million inhabitants). South Asia
Kag chode, a Buddhist temple in the village of Kagbeni in Mustang, the former Kingdom of Lo, in Nepal. Image: Nyoupaneroshan
The region of South Asia, or Southern Asia, includes Afghanistan
, and Sri Lanka
. South Asia is among the world's most populated regions; 1.8 billion people live in an area of more than 5 million km2. The country with the largest population
is India, with nearly 1.4 billion people. East Asia
The eastern region of Asia consists of the Asian nations of China
(including the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
, and Tibet
, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), South Korea (Republic of Korea), and Taiwan
(Republic of China). East Asia covers an area of 11.8 million km2 (4.5 million sq mi). 1.68 billion people live in East Asia. The most populous country is China, with 1.44 billion inhabitants.
The Central Business District of Bangkok at Chao Phraya River. The capital city of Thailand is the nation's cultural and commercial center and a major transportation hub in Southeast Asia. Bang Sue Central Station will be, after completion in June 2021, the largest railway station in Southeast Asia. Image: kk nationsonline.org Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia consists of two geographic regions:
I. Mainland Southeast Asia, or the Indochinese peninsula, includes Myanmar
, and Peninsular Malaysia
II. Maritime Southeast Asia, also known as the Malay Archipelago, includes the world's two largest island countries, Indonesia
and the Philippines
. There are an estimated 25,000 islands in Maritime Southeast Asia.
The largest islands in the Malay Archipelago by area are New Guinea, Borneo, Sumatra, Sulawesi (Celebes), Java, Luzon, and Mindanao.
The region is also home to India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(surrounded by East Malaysia) on the island of Borneo, and East Timor
(Timor-Leste) on the island of Timor. Indonesia shares the island of New Guinea with Papua New Guinea
Southeast Asia has a land area of 4.5 million km2. In 2020, 668.5 million people live in Southeast Asia.