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    Lamanai, Jaguar Temple, Belize
    Lamanai - Jaguar Temple, it is a Mesoamerican archaeological site, once a major city of the Maya civilization, today a major tourist attraction.
    Image: Martin Falbisoner

    Belize Flag
    Flag of Belize
    Location map of Belize. Where in Central America is Belize?
    Location map of Belize
    Destination Belize, a country on the eastern coast of northern Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea in east. It was known as British Honduras until 1973. Belize was granted independence on 21 September 1981, it is since then a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state.

    Border countries are Guatemala and Mexico, and it shares maritime borders with Honduras.

    The country occupies an area of 22,966 km2, it is about twice the size of Estonia, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

    Belize has a population of just 361,000 (census 2015), making it the least populated nation in Central America.
    Capital city is Belmopan, largest city is Belize City. Spoken languages are English (official), Kriol, Spanish, Garifuna, and Maya.

    On this page you will find comprehensive information about Belize in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history.



    Country Profile

    Belize lies on the eastern or Caribbean coast of Central America, bounded on the north and part of the west by Mexico, and on the south and the remainder of the west by Guatemala. Belize is the most sparsely populated nation in Central America otherwise a melting pot of many races with an estimated population of approximately 274 000.

    Territorial disputes between the UK and Guatemala delayed the independence of Belize until 1981. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992.

    border countries: Guatemala, Mexico

    related countries: United Kingdom

    other Central American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


     Official Name:
    formerly: British Honduras

    ISO Country Code: bz

    Local Time = UTC -6h
    Actual Time: Sun-Nov-15  19:48

    Country Calling Code: +501

    Capital City: Belmopan (pop. 2010 census 16,500)

    Other Cities:
    Belize City (57,000), Corozal (10,000), Orange Walk (14,000), San Ignacio & Santa Elena (18,000), Dangriga (9,500), Punta Gorda (5,000), San Pedro (11,000).

    Type: Parliamentary democracy
    Independence: 21 September 1981 from the UK.
    Constitution: 21 September 1981.

    Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico.
    Area (mainland and cayes): 23,000 km2
    (8,867 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: plain coastline covered with mangrove swamps, low mountains in interior, highest point Doyle's Delight (1124 m).

    Climate: Tropical, hot and humid. Rainy season May to November; dry season February to May.

    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Belizean(s).
    Population: 361,000 (2015)
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 7 635 (year)
    Ethnic groups: Mestizo, Creole, Ketchi, Yucatec and Mopan Mayas, Garifuna and East Indian.
    Religions: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, other Protestant, Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist.
    Languages: English (official), Creole, Spanish, Garifuna, Mayan.
    Literacy: 76%.

    Natural resources: Arable land, timber, seafood, minerals.

    Agriculture Products: Sugar, citrus fruits and juices, bananas, mangoes, papayas, honey, corn, beans, rice, cattle (12.7% of GDP).

    Industries: Garment production, food processing, tourism, construction.

    Exports partners: UK 30.8%, USA 18.7%, Nigeria 6.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.8%, Ireland 4.2%, Jamaica 4.2% (2015)

    Imports partners: USA 26.6%, Mexico 11.7%, Cuba 10.2%, Guatemala 9%, China 7.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 5.6% (2015)

    Currency: Belizean Dollar (BZD)

    Parliament of Belize, Belmopan
    Parliament of Belize, Belmopan
    Image: Haakon S. Krohn

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.   

    Official Sites of Belize

    Government of Belize
    Official Belize government site.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Belize
    Official site of the ministry.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Embassy of Belize
    Site of Belize's Embassy in Washington D.C.
    Embassies and Consulates of Belize
    Adresses of Belize embassies and consulate abroad, and embassies and consulates accredited to Belize.

    Visas/ Entry Requirements
    Visas for Belize.


     Map of Belize
    Political map of Belize.
    Google Earth Google Earth Belize
    Searchable map and satellite view of Belize.
    Google Earth Google Earth Belmopan
    Searchable map and satellite view of Belize's capital city.

    Map of Central America and the Caribbean
    Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 


    Belize Times
    Belize's weekly newspaper, voice of the new government.
    Channel5 with Belize news.
    The Guardian
    News from Belize.
    News and music power from Belize.
    The Reporter
    Local News.

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    Arts & Culture

    The Belize International Film Festival
    Festival for Caribbean and Central American filmmakers.
    Site about the indigenous Mopan and Q´eqchi´ Maya of Southern Belize.
    Belize Kriol
    Official Website of the National Kriol Council of Belize
    Seine Bight Village
    Site about the Garifuna village and culture.
    Garifuna Cultural Survival
    The story of the Garinagu of the Garifuna nation.
    Lamanai Temple Belize
    Lamanai Maya Temple Belize
    © Belize Tourism Board

    Business & Economy

    Central Bank of Belize
    Official website ofthe bank offers information on Belize's economic and financial system.

    Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry
    The "One Stop" business connection for Belize.

    Maya Island Air
    Local carrier.
    Tropic Air
    Belize's largest airline.

    Great Blue Hole in Belize
    Flight over the famous Great Blue Hole in Belize. The giant submarine sinkhole is located off the coast of Belize about 75 km east of Belize city.
    Image: Seann McAuliffe

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Destination Belize - Country Guides

    Discover Belize: Ambergris Caye (Belize's largest island); Great Blue Hole (giant submarine sinkhole); Xunantunich (Ancient Maya archaeological site);

    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, cruising, diving, hiking, adventure tours and much more.

    Catch the Adventure - The Official Web Site of the Belize Tourism Board.

    Guided vacation tours of Belize.

    Travel and tourist information on Belize.
    Belizean Journeys
    A glimpse into Belize, an in-depth look into the more remote and unknown world's of Belize.
    Belize by Naturalight
    A Belize portal with comprehensive country and travel information.
    Southern Belize
    Extensive information about travel and tourism of Southern Belize.

    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Belize

    World Heritage Site Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System
    The largest barrier reef in the northern hemisphere with offshore atolls, several hundred sand cays, mangrove forests, coastal lagoons and estuaries.


    University of Belize (UB)
    University of Belize Home Page. The University of Belize is a national, autonomous and multi-location institution in Belize. UB's main campus is located in the capital city, Belmopan.
    Green Iguana in the Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary of Belize
    Green Iguana in the Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary of Belize. The sanctuary is a protected area in Belize, it is recognized as a Wetland of International Importance.
    Image: Bernard Dupont

    Environment & Nature

    Belize National Parks, Natural Reserves, & Wildlife Sanctuaries
    This guide explores the most popular state reserves, covering all the main habitats, from all areas of the country - from spectacular Toledo District to the forest highlands of Mountain Pine Ridge, and the Five Blues Lake National Park, to the corals of the reef, atolls and cayes.

    Toledo Ecotourism Association
    The Toledo Ecotourism Association is one of the first and most successful Community-Based Ecotourism operators in the region.


    History of Belize
    Wikipedia about Belizes history.
    A Brief History of Belize
    From Mayan civilisation until the 20th century.
    A History of Belize
    Comprehensive site about the history of Belize.
    Issues Belize

    Belize-Guatemala Territorial Issue
    The Anglo-Belize/Guatemala Territorial Issue - The Cost of Conflict: A treaty on the history and present day implications of the Belize-Guatemala Territorial Issue.


    Directory of Belize related sites.

    LANIC Belize
    Latin American Network Information Center - Resources

    Sources and additional Information on Belize:

    Amnesty International: Belize

    BBC Country Profile: Belize

    FAO: Belize

    GlobalEDGE: Belize

    The Heritage Foundation: Belize

    Human Rights Watch: Belize

    OEC: Belize

    Reporters Without Borders: Belize

    The Commonwealth: Belize

    Wikipedia: Belize

    Worldbank Data: Belize

    The World Factbook -- Belize
     Support UNICEF

    Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
    Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama

    Major Cities in Middle and Central America:
    Belmopan, Guatemala City, Managua, Mexico City, Panama City, San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa

    Countries of South America:
    Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
    Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela