One World
    Nations Online

    Home Earth Continents Countries Cities of the World Most populated cities of the world

    ___ Megacities of the World

    Megalopolis Tokyo
    Megalopolis Greater Tokyo, population 38,000,000, about the population of California.
    Image: Yodalica

    Visit the Most Populated Cities on Earth

    This is a virtual travel to the world's most populous cities like New York, Tokyo, Shanghai, London, Hong Kong, Chicago, Buenos Aires, Bangkok, Seoul, Los Angeles, Mexico City and so on.

    Which is the largest city on the planet, this issue is still unresolved but sometimes the subject of small talk. On your next casual conversation you may impress your audience when you state that by far the largest city is Chongqing, because most certainly nobody ever had heard of that city.

    Chongqing in southwest China is one of the emerging Megacities with a population of more than 32 million people, sprawled over an area of 82,400 km2 (this is twice the size of Switzerland with 41,285 km2). Chongqing carved out of Sichuan province in 1997, is de facto a Chinese province with the status of a provincial-level municipality like Shanghai, Beijing and Tianjin.
    And this should be the largest? Actually Chongqing's core population is about 7.5 million.

    The largest, the biggest, or the most populous cities?
    In many languages this terms are interchangeable, meaning the largest city of a country is also the most populous.
    In the chart below there they are, the largest cities in the world, ranked by the population of a city's urban/metropolitan area.

    What is a City?
    The challenge is, ranking these cities is like to compare apples and oranges.
    The common ground is: there is a city and there must be people, so lets count them. The problem begins with the definition of a city, easy you say?
    A build-up of many buildings with many citizens is a city, right?

    The largest city on Earth?
    Lets look at Tokyo, often referred to as the largest city on Earth. But this is only true when you take the built up area of Tokyo and add the urban expansion of Chiba, Kawasaki, Sagamihara, Saitama, and Yokohama, which actually is Japan's second most populous city.

    In the course of time, the fringe areas of all those cities have been growing together and now they form one massive conurbation, a megalopolis, a sprawling sea of buildings, and streets, with only virtual borders - and living within, 28% of Japan’s entire population.

    To learn more about the cities, this page provides links to the official city or municipality government website and/or to the official travel and tourism information site or other tourism guides related to a city. A city's websites usually publish also information for visitors and tourists about cultural events, festivals, sightseeing and much more.

    Note: Population figures are for latest available years. The ranking is relative because of the diverse latest available figures of the city population.
    External links will open in a new browser window.

    page keywords: largest city in the world, mega cities of the world, world cities, world city population, most populated city in the world, city travel, city guides

    Biggest Cities on Earth

      Shanghai's Pudong district
    Skyscrapers in Shanghai's Pudong district.
    Image: Baycrest

    Shanghai (Chinese: 上海) - also named "Hu" or "Shen" in short. It is People's Republic of China's largest city and one of the largest cities in the world. It covers an area of 6,340 square kilometers. It is one of the world's largest seaports and a major industrial center of China. Shanghai city proper population was 7 million people in 2010.

    Google Earth More about Shanghai
    Searchable map/satellite view of Shanghai.

    Official Website
    Official website of Shanghai Municipality.

    Shanghai Tours
    Website of Shanghai Municipal Tourism Administration with visitors information.
    Metropolitan Area:
    24.24 million
    with permanent residents of 14.25 million
    and migrant residents (commuter) 9.9 million
    (in 2013; source: China Daily )


    (2010 census)
    National Bureau of Statistics

    Shanghai Municipal Government

    Karachi Port and Naval bases
    Karachi - largest city, business capital and the "Melting Pot of Pakistan. The city is Pakistan's principal seaport and capital of Sindh province, located in southern Pakistan at the coast of the Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean). According to Karachi Metropolitan Corporation: Karachi's 'metropolitan area along with its suburbs comprises the world's second most populated city'. Due to its migrant population the city grew almost 60 times since 1947, and there is nowadays still the unchecked and uncontrolled massive migration of workforce to Karachi that increases the city's population.

    ‘The population of Karachi has doubled in 15 years’
    Tribune Karachi

    Google Earth More about Karachi
    With a searchable map/satellite view of the city.

    Official Website
    Karachi municipality government website.
    Estimated population of Karachi today: 21 million

    Urban population: 14,500,000

    City District Government Karachi
    est. 2007

    See also:
    Karachi: a unique mega city

    Population explosion: Put an embargo on industrialization in Karachi
      Shinjuku Street Tokyo
    Shinjuku Street Tokyo
    Image: Zaida Monta?ana

    Tokyo (東京) - the "Eastern Capital", formerly Edo (until 1868), the capital and largest city of Japan and in Asia.

    The Tokyo Major Metropolitan Area includes the cities of Chiba, Kawasaki, Sagamihara, Saitama, and Yokohama, making it the world's most populous metropolitan area.

    Tokyo City Limits (Special wards of Tokyo) has a population of 9 million people.

    Google Earth More about Tokyo
    With basic facts and a searchable map/satellite view of Tokyo.

    Official Website
    Tokyo Major Metropolitan Area (Kanto M.M.A.): 37,220,000

    Tokyo Metropolis: 13,189,000
    about 10% of Japan's total population

    Tokyo Metropolitan Government
    (2012 est.)
    Beijing's Central Business District
    Beijing - (Chinese: 北京 Běijīng, also formerly known in English and other language as Peking).

    Pei-Ching the "Northern Capital", capital city and political and cultural center of the People's Republic of China, is the second most populous city in China.

    Google Earth More about Beijing
    With a searchable map and satellite view of Beijing.

    Official Website
    20.7 million
    (end of 2012 )

    20.1 million

    (2013 est. )

    source: National Bureau of Statistics
      Sao Paulo
    São Paulo (Saint Paul) seen from Ibirapuera Park. © Turismo Cidade de São Paulo
    São Paulo

    the largest city in Brazil and the capital of the captaincy (state) São Paulo, founded as São Paulo de Piratininga (Saint Paul of the Fields of Piratininga) in 1554. Most populous city in South America.

    Google Earth More about São Paulo
    with a searchable map and satellite view of the city.
    Official Website
    São Paulo
    Prefeitura da Cidade de São Paulo (in Portuguese)
    S?o Paulo Turismo
    Official tourism website of S?o Paulo.
    Metropolitan Region: 20.8 million (Regi?o Metropolitana de S?o Paulo )

    City: 11,821,873
    (mid. 2013)
    IBGE, Cidades, S?o Paulo

    Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
    Mexico City, Nezahualcoyotl
    Megalopolis - Mexico City, Nezahualcoyotl
    Image: Oscar Ruiz (heli pilot)
    Mexico (Ciudad de México)
    was in ancient times the pre-Columbian city of Tenochtitlan, it became the capital of the Aztec Empire until 1521. Today Mexico city is the economic, industrial, and cultural center and the capital city of the United States of Mexico. Most populous city in North America.

    Google Earth More about Mexico City
    Information and a searchable map/satellite view of Mexico City.

    Official Website

    Mexico City
    Mexico City government website (in Spanish).

    Mexico City
    Mexico City tourism website.

    Mexico City
    Metropolitan Area (Greater Mexico City): 20.4 million

    Distrito Federal: 8.85 million

    (INEGI 2011 census )

    . NYC
    NYC - The Big Apple - Manhattan Island
    New York City

    The city of the five 'boroughs': Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island (formerly Richmond), at least since 1790 number one on the list of the largest city in the United States. New York is also in the lead in the ranking on almost any of a variety of Global Cities Indexes.

    Google Earth More about New York City
    Searchable map/satellite view of New York City.

    Official Website
    New York City
    The official New York City Web site.

    The official tourism website of New York City.
    New York metropolitan area, New York-Newark: just under 20 million residents.

    (mid 2013 est.)
    U.S. Census Bureau

    Metro: 18,897,109

    City proper: 8,336,697

    U.S. Census Bureau
    (2012 est.)
      Marathi Mumbai
    Mumbai © Maharashtra Tourism
    Mumbai (?????)

    Marathi Mumbai (the former Bombay), capital of Maharashtra state in India, port to the Arabian Sea and one of the most densely populated cities in the world.

    Google Earth More about Mumbai
    Searchable map/satellite view of Mumbai.

    Official Website
    Greater Mumbai:
    18.5 million

    ( Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 )

    source: Census of India

    Mumbai population 14 million (according to the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai)

    19.74 million (UN estimates)
    . Lotus Temple
    Bahá'í Lotus Temple, Delhi
    Delhi (Hindi: ??????) - city and union territory, also known as the National Capital Territory of India. New Delhi to the south of Old Delhi is the capital of India.

    Google Earth More about Delhi
    Searchable map/satellite view of Delhi.

    Official Website
    Delhi government website.
    Delhi National Capital Territory:

    16.3 million
    Census of India
    (2011 census)


    16.8 million
    (2011 Census Population)
    Government of NCT of Delhi
    St Basil Cathedral and Kremlin, Moscow
    Moscow, (Moskva) - most populous city, the political center and the capital of the Russian Federation, first written mention of Moscow dates back to 1147.

    Google Earth More about Moscow
    Searchable map/satellite view of Moscow.

    Official Website
    11.5 million

    Federal State Statistics Service
    2010 census
    . Chongqing
    The city of Chongqing
    Chongqing (in Chinese: 重慶; 重慶; Abbr. 渝 yú), formerly known as Chungking. The metropolitan region of Chongqing is one of four provincial-level municipalities of China, the highest level classification for cities with a status equal to that of provinces. The city/province is the economic center of the upper Yangtze River with a population of almost 30 million people. Chongqing is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.

    Google Earth More about Chongqing
    Searchable map/satellite view of Chongqing.

    Official Website
    Chongqing Municipal Government website.
    Chongqing Municipality: 28,8 million

    Census 2010

    City Core: 16 districts & 3 counties
    16.2 million

    Core city: 7.5 million
    (est. 2012)
    . Guangzhou
    City of Guangzhou
    Guangzhou - is the capital of Guangdong province located at Pearl River about 120 km (75 miles) northwest of Hong Kong in the southern part of P.R. China. In its metropolitan area there live more than 8.5 million people.

    Google Earth More about Guangzhou
    Searchable map/satellite view of Guangzhou.

    Official Website
    The official website (in Chinese)
    Guangzhou International
    The official website of Guangzhou Municipality
    Guangzhou Municipality
    Tianjin City at Hai He River
    Tianjin - Chinese: 天津, also T'ien-Ching, Tientsin. Tianjin is Chinas fifth largest city. Referred to as "Jin" for short, Tianjin is one of the four Direct-controlled municipalities of China.

    Google Earth More about Tianjin
    Searchable map/satellite view of Tianjin.

    Official Website
    City of Tianjin:
    10.4 million permanent residents
      Lalbagh Fort Dhaka
    Lalbagh Fort Dhaka
    Dhaka - Bengali: ????, a megacity, largest city and capital of Bangladesh, located on the east banks of the Buriganga River in the Ganges delta.

    Google Earth More about Dhaka
    Searchable map/satellite view of Dhaka.

    Official Website
    Dhaka City
    Greater Dhaka Metropolitan area: 17.2 million
    (2011 Census)

    Dhaka Division: 12 million
    Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

    Dhaka: 8.5 million
    Statistical Yearbook 2011
    Misty Bangkok
    Image: nationsonline.org

    Bangkok (?????????????) - the Thai name is Krung Thep, the "City of Angels", formerly divided into two municipalities, Krung Thep and Thon Buri. Bangkok is the capital, cultural and commercial center of Thailand and by far the largest city in the country.

    Google Earth More about Bangkok
    Some basics about the city, includes a searchable map, a satellite view and street view of Bangkok.

    Official Website
    Bangkok's government official website.
    Greater Bangkok: 14.5 million (estimated)

    Bangkok Metropolis: 8,3 million

    Thailand Population Census 2010

      Seoul - DongA Marathon
    Dong-A Seoul International Marathon
    @visitseoul.net - Photo: Mok, Gil-Soon
    Seoul - in Korean ?? (Soul-t'ukpyolsi)

    Officially Seoul Special City, situated along the banks of the Han river is the national capital of South Korea,
    Seoul was, until 1945, the capital of all of Korea, in ancient times Seoul was the capital of Baekje Kingdom (18 B.C. ~ 660 A.D.)

    Google Earth Google Earth Seoul
    Searchable map/satellite view of Seoul.

    Official Website
    Special city:
    just under 10 million residents

    Seoul Metropolitan Government

    The Seoul Capital Area which includes the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province has a population of
    25.7 million

    2010 census
    Statistics Korea
    . Istanbul
    Istanbul at Night

    Istanbul (?stanbul) - a city with a great history, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople (official renamed to Istanbul in 1930).
    The former capital is the largest city and principal seaport and the cultural and financial center of Turkey. It is the only city in the world situated on two continents.

    Google Earth Google Earth Map Istanbul
    Searchable map/satellite view of Istanbul.

    Official Website
    Official website of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.
    Istanbul province:
    census end of 2011
    Turkish Statistical Institute

    census 2007

    Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality

    Jakarta at night
    Jakarta - until 1949 the city was named Batavia, from 1949-72 its was named Djakarta.
    Jakarta is primary port city, the largest city and the capital of Indonesia.

    Google Earth Google Map of Jakarta
    Searchable map/satellite view of Jakarta.

    Official Website
    City government website.
    Statistics Indonesia
    . Avenida del Libertador, Buenos Aires
    Avenida del Libertador, Buenos Aires
    Buenos Aires, is the largest city, chief port, and capital of Argentina, located on the south west bank of Río de la Plata river, in the pampa region.

    Google Earth More about Buenos Aires
    With basic information plus a searchable map/satellite view of Buenos Aires.

    Official Websites
    Buenos Aires Ciudad

    Buenos Aires Tourism Website

    Buenos Aires core city population (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires): 2,890,000

    Greater Buenos Aires (24 Partidos del Gran Buenos Aires): 9,9 million
    (Census 2010)

    Buenos Aires Province:
    15,6 million people
    (Census 2010)

    Source: INDEC. Censo Nacional de Población
    2010 Census

    13.53 million (UN)
    . tb
    London Tower Bridge ? www.britainonview.com
    Largest city and the capital of the United Kingdom, a confederal metropolis and a polycentric city, with many core districts and no clear hierarchy among them. The London administrative area comprises the City of London, and the thirty-two boroughs, of which 13 are in Inner London and 19 are in Outer London. London is since years number two in the Global City Index (GCI).

    Google Earth Google Map London
    Searchable map/satellite view of London.

    Official Websites
    Website of Mayor of London, the London Assembly and the Greater London Authority.

    Visit London
    The London visitors guide.
    8.2 million

    Urban Zone:
    The estimated population in and around London known as the "London commuter belt" are just under 12 million people

    Office for National Statistics 2011 Census
    8 278 251
    . Azadi Monument
    Azadi Monument, Teheran
    Tehran, since 1788 capital city of Persia (Iran) and since 1980 capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

    Google Earth Google Earth Tehran
    Searchable map/satellite view of Tehran.

    Official Website
    Official website of Tehran municipality.
    City: 7.1 million

    (census 2006/1385)

    Metro: 14,000,000
    (est. 2012)

    Statistical Centre of Iran
    (Metro: 11,912,000
    in 2003/1382)


    Hong Kong (SAR)

    Hong Kong - 香港 Xianggang (Hsiang Kang, the fragrant harbour), the formerly British Dependent Territory of Hong Kong comprises of Victoria (commonly known as Hong Kong Island), the Kowloon Peninsula, the "New Territories", and 235 outlying islands.
    Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People Republic of China on 1 July 1997.

    Google Earth Google Earth Hong Kong
    Searchable map/satellite view of Hong Kong.

    Official Websites:
    Hong Kong (official government website)
    Hong Kong (website of Hong Kong Tourism Board)
    7.2 million
    Population End - 2013

    Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department

    . Rifai and Sultan Hassan Mosques
    Rifai and Sultan Hassan Mosques in Cairo
    Cairo - Al-Qahirah, capital of Egypt and a cultural centre of the Arab world. Cairo is the largest city of the Middle East and in Africa.

    Google Earth Google Earth Cairo
    Searchable map/satellite view of Cairo.

    Official Website
    Official website of Cairo Governorate.
    Cairo governorate: 6,789,479

    greater Metropolitan Area:
    (est. 2011)

    Tour Egypt
    . Bogota, Capital of Colombia
    Bogotá, Colombia's Capital City
    Bogotá D.C. , formerly called Santa Fe de Bogotá, located on a mountain rimmed plateau in the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes Mountains, founded in 1538. Capital City of Colombia.

    Google Earth Google Earth Bogotá
    Searchable map/satellite view of Bogotá.

    Official Website
    Bogotá D.C.
    6 945 216 (UN) *
    6 776 009 (WP)  

    DANE - Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadistica
    Censo General 2005:
    6 776 009

    * Urban agglomeration
    Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) a world known symbol for Rio de Janeiro.
    Rio de Janeiro, is the second largest city in Brazil, world famous for its carnival and the Copacabana and Ipanema beaches.

    Google Earth Google Map of Rio de Janeiro
    Searchable map/satellite view of Rio de Janeiro.

    Official Websites
    Rio de Janeiro
    Website of the city prefecture.
    Official website of Rio de Janeiro's Secretary of Tourism, Sports, and Leisure.
    Metropolitan Region:
    16 million
    (census 2010)

    Municipality: 6.43 million

    (est. 2013)

    Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatstica
      Santiago Skyline
    Santiago's Growing Skyline
    Image: Juan Marchant

    Santiago de Chile - largest city and the capital of Chile.

    Google Earth Google Earth Santiago
    Searchable map/satellite view of Santiago.

    Official Website
    Municipality of Santiago website (in Spanish).

    Biobio Chile
    Census 2012

      Shenzhen, Central Business District
    Shenzhen, Central Business District
    Shenzhen is a major city in the south of Guangdong Province, China, just north of Hong Kong.

    Google Earth Google Earth Shenzhen
    Searchable map/satellite view of Shenzhen.

    Official Website
    Shenzhen Municipality
    Shenzhen government.

    Shenzhen Municipal E-government

    . San Isidro district, Lima
    Lima's San Isidro district
    Lima - El Pulpo (The Octopus), commercial and industrial center and the capital city of Peru

    Google Earth Google Earth Lima
    Searchable map/satellite view of Lima.

    Official Website
    Municipalidad de Lima (in Spanish)
    9.13 (UN)
    7 605 742 (WP)

    10.9 million
    Demographia World Urban Areas 2016
      Lagos Street Scene
    Lagos Island and part of Lagos Harbour
    Image: Benji Robertson

    Lagos, formerly the capital and still the main commercial and industrial center and principal seaport of Nigeria. By far the largest city in the country. Lagos is one of and fastest growing cities in Africa, it is among the top ten of the world's fastest growing cities and urban areas.

    Google Earth Google Earth Lagos
    Searchable map/satellite view of Lagos.

    Official Website
    Lagos State
    Official website of the Lagos state government.
    Metropolitan Lagos:
    21 million people

    The number is heavy based on estimates, because until today there is no compulsory registration of people in Nigeria.

    Nigerian National Bureau of Statistics

    Metropolitan Lagos, Lagos State
    National Population Commission

    . Badshahi Mosque, Lahore
    Badshahi Mosque (Emperor's Mosque), Lahore's most famous landmark built in 1671-73, an example of the Mughal era architecture.
    Image: Ali Imran

    Lahore, is the capital of Punjab and second largest city in Pakistan, located in the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River, west of the border to India's province Himachal Pradesh.

    Google Earth Google Earth Lahore
    Searchable map/satellite view of Lahore.

    Official Website
    Lahore (offline)

    Punjab Gateway
    Portal of Government of the Punjab.


    Federal Bureau of Statistics, Pakistan
    1998 Census

    10,3 million people in 2016
    Demographia World Urban Areas 2016

    Sources: If possible the source is linked, mostly national or municipal statistic bureaus.
    other sources used: the United Nations Statistics Division - Citydata, abbr.: (UN); sometimes Wikipedia, abbr.: (WP), not always up-to-date, but a great source to the real sources.

    Lets make it bigger.
    For those who are interested why the population figures for major world urban areas vary so greatly by various sources and publications, can read about the difficulty to get almost realistic population figures for metropolitan areas and cities.

    For example New York City is listed in various World-Rankings of the Most Populous Cities, Urban Areas, Agglomerations, Conurbations etc. as follows:

    No. 2 (pop. 30 400 000) in World Gazetteer in 2004, according to Richard L. Forstall (see below)
    No. 6 (pop. 21 900 000) in City Population (The Principal Agglomerations of the World)
    No. 3 (pop. 21 295 ,000) in Wendell Cox Consultancy's Demographia (Largest Urban Areas in the World: 2009)
    No. 4 (pop. 19 750 000) in Wikipedia (List of metropolitan areas by population)
    No. 5 (pop. 19 500 000) in Richard L. Forstall (Which are the largest?)
    No. 2 (pop. 19 000 000) in United Nations Population Division (Urban Agglomerations 2007)
    No. 5 (pop. 16 626 000) in WorldAtlas.com (Largest Cities of the World - by population)

    the figures for other cities vary accordingly by each publication.

    The official population figure for New York City, according to U.S. Census Bureau is 8 363 710 (July 1, 2008)

    Some publication just don't mention, that this figures are not for the City of New York, instead of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, New York-New Jersey-Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) including beside New York, the cities of Jersey City (NJ), Newark (NJ), Paterson (NJ), and Yonkers (NY), spread out over three states, New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut.
    According to U.S. Census Bureau the population of 'New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA is 19 006 798.

    See also the study of Richard L. Forstall and others: WHICH ARE THE LARGEST? WHY PUBLISHED POPULATIONS
    (dead link)


    * City proper or City limit is a locality with legally fixed boundaries and an administratively recognized urban status that is usually characterized by some form of local government, in other words, a city or town within its city limit without adjacent communities.

    Urban area is the area that a city or town occupies, it is created and further developed by the process of urbanization.

    ** Urban agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area, similar to Metropolitan Area.

    Metropolitan area (Metro) is a large population center consisting of a large urban area (core city) together with adjacent communities and satellite cities plus its adjacent zone of influence including rural areas.

    Images: some images are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License or the
    Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License.

    Bookmark/share this page

    More International Cities

    Lists of the world's capitals by continent:
    Capital Cities of Africa | Capital Cities of the Americas
    Capital Cities of Asia | Capital Cities of Australia and Oceania
    Capital Cities of Europe

    Capital Cities of independent States
    Famous Cities
    A virtual travel to world cities.

    The most populated Cities in the United States
    Lists of U.S. cities with the most inhabitants.
    The most populated cities in China
    List of cities in China with the most inhabitants.
    French Cities
    Important cities of France.
    Cities and Regions of Italy
    Links you to Cities and Regions of Italy.
    The most populated cities in Japan
    Japans most populated cities.

    The most populated countries of the world

    All Countries of the World