• Advertising
    Nations Online Logo

    Brazil Flag detail
    Home Earth Continents The Americas South America Brazil
    All Countries

    Country Profile Government Maps News Culture Business Tourism Education Environment History Native Info


    Iguazu-Falls, Brazil, Argentina
    Iguazu Falls are a series of waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border between the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná. Walkways allow close views of the falls from both countries.
    Image: Martin St-Amant

    Location map of Brazil. Where in the world is Brazil?
    Location map of Brazil

    Flag of Brazil
    Flag of Brazil

    This page is about many aspects of "Brasil," the country that occupies about 50% of South America. Brazil is located in the central-eastern part of the continent, by far the largest portion of it lies south of the equator.

    Border countries are Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The country has an almost 7,500 km long coastline at the Atlantic Ocean.

    The country is vast, it is divided into 26 states and one Federal District. Out of the 26 states, only nine are landlocked. Brazil covers an area of 8,514,877 km2 (3,287,597?sq?mi), making it the fifth-largest country in the world and also the largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere (and yes, it is larger than Australia by some 800,000 square kilometers).
    Compared is slightly larger than 15 times the size of France, and it is even slightly larger than the contiguous United States.

    Brazil has a population of 207 million people (in 2017), it is the most populous country in South America. The national capital is Brasília, the planned city atop the Brazilian highlands. The largest city and Brazil's economic capital is Sao Paulo, the most 'famous' city is Rio de Janeiro. Spoken language is (Brazilian) Portuguese, this variety of the Portuguese language is a relict of the Portuguese colonization of the Americas.


    Federative Republic of Brazil | Republica Federativa do Brasil


    Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military intervention in the governance of the country to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of the interior.

    Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil became Latin America's leading economic power by the 1970s. Highly unequal income distribution remains a pressing problem.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


    Country Profile

    Official Name:
    Republica Federativa do Brasil
    short form: Brasil
    international long form: Federative Republic of Brazil
    international short form: Brazil

    ISO Country Code: br, bra

    ...show more

    Official Sites of Brazil

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Brazilian National Congress building in Brasilia
    Brazilian National Congress in Brasilia, the building was designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer.
    Image: Eurico Zimbres

    Governo do Brasil
    Federal Republic of Brazil, the official Brazil Government Page.

    Presidência da República
    The President of the Federal Republic of Brazil. (in Portuguese)

    Ministério das Relações Exteriores
    The Ministry of Foreign Relations.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Missão do Brasil junto às Nações Unidas
    Brazilian Mission to the UN
    Embassy of Brazil in the USA
    Washington D.C.
    Embassy of Brazil in the United Kingdom
    Brasilianische Botschaft in Deutschland
    Ambassade du Brésil en France

    Brazilian Missions Abroad
    Brazilian Missions around the World.
    Foreign Missions in Brazil
    Diplomatic Missions accredited in Brazil.

    Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
    Up-to-date statistics and geographical data. (in Portuguese and English)


    Maps of Brazil

    Brazil Map
    Map of Brazil (click map to enlarge)
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    Map of Brazil
    Political Map of Brazil.
    Administrative Map of Brazil
    Map is showing Brazil's 26 states plus the location of the Federal district.

    Google Earth Google Earth Brazil
    Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil.
    Google Earth Google Earth Brasilia
    Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil's capital city.
    Google Earth Google Earth Rio de Janeiro
    Searchable map and satellite view of Rio de Janeiro.
    Google Earth Google Earth São Paulo
    Searchable map and satellite view of São Paulo, largest city in Brazil.

    Information and searchable maps with satellite views of other Brazilian cities:
    Aracaju, Belém, Belo Horizonte, Boa Vista, Campo Grande, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiania, Jo?o Pessoa, Macapá, Maceió, Manaus, Natal, Palmas, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Salvador (da Bahia), S?o Luís, Teresina, Vitória

    Map of South America
    Reference map of South America.


    News of Brazil


    Online News from Brazil

    Empresa Brasil de Comunica??o (EBC)
    The Brazilian public company manages the federal government's broadcast network, on its website it provides also national news (in Portuguese).

    Brazilian government news.

    Brazilian magazine.
    Correio Braziliense
    News from Brazil. (in Portuguese)
    O Estado de S. Paulo
    Brazilian news. (in Portuguese)
    Folha de São Paulo
    Brazil's largest daily. (in Portuguese)
    Folha International
    English language news version of Folha de S.Paulo.
    Jornal do Brasil
    Rio's daily newspaper, with Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)
    Globo Online
    Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)
    Universo Online
    Brazilian magazine. (in Portuguese)

    International News sources
    The Rio Times
    Daily news on Brazil from WorldNews Network.
    The Guardian: Brazil


    Arts & Culture of Brazil

    A Samba school parades in the Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí, Rio de Janeiro.
    Image: Fernando Fraz?o/Agência Brasil

    Arts & Culture

    Art & culture of Brazil
    A guide to Brazil's culture from the cultural heritage to popular art.

    Brazilian movies.

    Fundação Biblioteca Nacional
    Brazil's National Library.

    Official site of the Independent League of Rio de Janeiro's Samba Schools.
    Official site of the Afro-Brazilian creators of samba-reggae from Bahia.
    Rio Carnival
    The Guide for Carnival in Rio de Janeiro.

    A music video site fearuring Brazilian Funk ostenta??o.

    Brazil's heavy metal band.

    The Afro-Brazilian dance and martial art.

    Soccer - Futebol
    Confederação Brasileira de Futebol
    Football Federation of Brazil.
    Federação Metropolitana de Futebol - FMF


    Business & Economy of Brazil

    Banco Central do Brasil
    The Central Bank of Brazil.
    The National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES)
    The most important state-owned development bank in Brazil.

    Rio de Janeiro Stock Exchange (BVRJ)
    BVRJ was Brazil's second largest exchange it merged with Bovespa in 2002.

    BM&F Bovespa
    Bolsa de Valores de S?o Paulo the São Paulo's Stock Exchange was founded in 1890. Until the mid-1960s, Bovespa and the other Brazilian stock markets were state-owned companies. In 2002 Bovespa merged with the Rio De Janeiro Stock Exchange. In 2007 the Exchange became a for-profit company.

    Ministério da Indústria, Comércio Exterior e Servi?os
    Website of the Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services, the ministry is mainly responsible for development policy on industry, trade and services, foreign trade, and Intellectual property and technology transfer.

    National Confederation of Industry - CNI
    The Brazilian Network of International Business Center. The CIN Network is coordinated nationwide by the National Confederation of Industry (CNI) and founded with the support of the National Agency for the Promotion of Exports (APEX), the network aims at internationalizing of Brazilian businesses.

    Major airlines in Brazil
    Avianca Brazil
    Oceanair Linhas Aéreas is a Brazilian airline based in S?o Paulo. From its hubs at S?o Paulo Congonhas airport, Rio De Janeiro Santos Dumont airport and Brasília International Airport it operates mainly domestic passenger services.
    Gol Transportes Aéreos
    GOL is the largest low-cost airline in South America, the airline is based in São Paulo.
    LATAM Airlines Brasil
    Formerly TAM Airlines, Brazil's and Latin America's largest airline. Chile's LAN Airlines and Brazil's TAM Airlines merged in 2012.
    Total Linhas Aéreas
    Airline based in Belo Horizonte. Total Linhas Aéreas operates mainly cargo and some charter services within Brazil.

    Brasília International Airport
    The international airport serving the federal capital Brasilia.
    Congonhas Airport
    One of the three commercial airports serving S?o Paulo.
    Guarulhos International Airport
    Also known as Cumbica Airport, is the main international airport serving S?o Paulo.
    Gale?o International Airport
    Rio de Janeiro's International Airport and one of Brazil's busiest international airports.
    Tancredo Neves International Airport
    The airport is serving Belo Horizonte and its metropolitan area.


    Tourism in Brazil

    Caracol Falls (Cascata do Caracol), Caracol State Park, Brazil
    Caracol Falls Brazil (Cascata do Caracol), the 130 m (426-foot) waterfall is located about 7.00 km (4.35 miles) from Canela, Brazil in Caracol State Park.
    Image: Tiago Fioreze

    Destination Brazil - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Brazil:
    Cities: Brasilia, São Paulo (the financial capital of Brazil, Ibirapuera Park, Paulista Avenue), Rio de Janeiro (Christ the Redeemer, Corcovado, Sugarloaf Mountain, Santa Teresa neighborhood, Tijuca Forest, Copacabana, Ipanema), Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza (the capital of Ceará state, is one of the top destinations for business and also great for a holiday on its awesome beaches), Manaus (Amazon Theatre), Natal (Natal Dunes State Park, Forte dos Reis Magos), Recife, Porto Alegre, Salvador (da Bahia).
    Iguazu Falls, Fernando de Noronha archipelago, Len?óis Maranhenses National Park.
    Find accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

    Visit Brasil
    Official tourism website of Brasil.

    The Brazilian Tourist Board
    Brazil information on travel and tourism with news and photos.

    Férias Brasil
    Vacations Brazil is a comprehensive tourist guide in Portuguese.

    Chapada Diamantina, Bahia state, Brazil
    Chapada Diamantina, the Diamond Plateau is situated in Bahia state in the north east of Brazil. With its canyons, rivers, and waterfalls the plateau is one of the best destinations for trekking in the country.
    Image: Cleide Isabel

    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Brazil
    There are 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Brazil (see the complete list)

    World Heritage Site Historic Town of Ouro Preto
    Ouro Preto (Black Gold) was the center of the gold rush in the time of Brazil’s golden age in the 18th century. The town was founded at the end of the 17th century.

    World Heritage Site Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda
    Founded in the 16th century and rebuilt by the Portuguese after being looted and burned by the Dutch. The town is linked to the sugar-cane industry and Brazil's economy based on slavery, which began long before the first Portuguese settlement was established in 1532.

    World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia
    Salvador da Bahia was the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763.

    World Heritage Site Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas
    Congonhas is a historical city located in the Brazilian state of Minas. The sanctuary in Minais Gerais, south of Belo Horizonte was built in the second half of the 18th century. the s was created by Aleijadinho, one of the outstanding artists in the baroque style in the world.


    Education in Brazil

    Palácio Universitário campus Rio de Janeiro
    Palácio Universitário, the 19th-century neoclassical building serves as the campus of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
    Image: Fulviusbsas

    Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
    Pontifical Catholic University of Rio De Janeiro, founded in 1941.

    UCAM - Universidade Candido Mendes
    Candido Mendes University. Latin America's oldest private university was established in 1902.

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
    UFRJ is one of the largest federal universities in the country.

    Universidade de São Paulo
    Sao Paulo University. USP is a major institution of higher learning and research in Brazil.


    Environment & Nature

    God's Finger rockformation at Serra dos órg?os National Park
    Rockformations with Dedo de Deus (God's Finger) peak in the background, Serra dos órg?os National Park, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
    Image: Carlos Perez Couto

    Amazonia - Amigos da Terra
    Friends of the Earth Brazil acts to promote the sustainable use of forest products, the prevention of fire, supporting isolated communities and the development and monitoring of public policies.

    Greenpeace Brazil
    The Brazilian section of Greenpeace.

    WWF Brasil
    World Wide Fund for Nature in Brazil (in Portuguese).


    Brazil History

    Painting: Portuguese navigator Pedro álvares Cabral landing in Porto Seguro
    Brazil was officially "discovered" in 1500, when a fleet commanded by Portuguese navigator Pedro álvares Cabral, on its way to India, landed in Porto Seguro.
    Painting: Oscar Pereira da Silva (1865–1939)

    A Brief History of Brazil
    A New York Times article about Brazil's history.
    Brazil: Five Centuries of Change
    Brazil's history - site contains the second edition of Thomas E. Skidmore’s textbook Brazil: Five Centuries of Change, by Brown University Library.
    The cradle of Brazil's history
    Brazil's history in the São Paulo region.
    Arquivo Nacional
    The National Archive of Brazil.
    Museu Histórico Nacional
    The National Museum of History. (in Portuguese)


    Indigenous People of Brazil

    Baré people, Comunity Nova Esperan?a, Brazil
    Comunity Nova Esperan?a, Baré people. Cuieiras river, a tributary of the Rio Negro, Amazonia, Brazil.
    Image: Daniel Zanini H.

    Brazilian Indians
    Survival page about Brazilian native people.

    FUNAI Fundação Nacional do IÍndio
    National Indio Foundation.

    The Uncontacted Indians of Brazil
    Website by Survival International, a global movement for tribal peoples’ rights, the site provides also a Map of Indian Tribes of Brazil.

    Museo do Índio
    The Indian museum with information about Brazilian's indigenous people.

    Instituto Socioambiental
    Socio-Environmental Institute, a private non-profit institution, established to propose integrated solutions to social and environmental issues. (An English version)

    Operação Amazônia Nativa is Brazil's first indigenous non-governmental organization; it promotes and supports projects of the aboriginal communities in the regions Center-West and North of Brazil. (in Portuguese)

    Indigenous peoples in Brazil
    Wikipedia articel about Indigenous peoples in Brazil.


    Additional Information


    Brazilian internet directory and search engine. (in Portuguese)

    Additional Information on Brazil

    Amnesty International: Brazil

    BBC Country Profile: Brazil

    FAO: Brazil

    GlobalEDGE: Brazil

    The Heritage Foundation: Brazil

    Human Rights Watch: Brazil

    OEC: Brazil

    Reporters Without Borders: Brazil

    US Library of Congress / Country Studies / Brazil

    Wikipedia: Brazil

    The World Factbook -- Brazil


    Other Countries of South America:
    Argentina | Bolivia | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
    Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

    Major Cities in South America:
    Asunción, Belo Horizonte, Bogotá, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Cayenne, Georgetown, Kourou, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo, Porto Alegre, Port of Spain, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (da Bahia, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre

    Countries of Middle and Central America:
    Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama