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    Cities and Capitals around the World

    Capital Cities of Africa

    The National Assembly building in Luanda, Angola; the National Assembly building in Abuja, Nigeria, the Union Buildings in Pretoria, South Africa; the Parliament of Kenya in Nairobi; and the Capitol Building in Monrovia, Liberia.
    African government buildings. (l to r) The National Assembly building in Luanda, Angola; the National Assembly building in Abuja, Nigeria, the Union Buildings in Pretoria, South Africa; the Parliament of Kenya in Nairobi; and the Capitol Building in Monrovia, Liberia.
    Images: David Stanley, Ovinuchi Ejiohuo, ?etcu Mircea, Ting Chen

    African Capitals

    Africa political map
    Map of Africa
    , click to enlarge.

    List of the Capital Cities of Africa.

    On this page, you will find a list of all the capital cities of Africa with figures of the city population*.

    Have a look at the cities from space; for each city, there is a searchable map/satellite view. Additionally, you will find links to the official or near official city site (if available). Almost all African states are developing countries with a less developed internet infrastructure; therefore, there are fewer capitals of Africa online.

    The country links lead you to the respective country profile page.

    * The size of the population in Africa's major cities is a problematic issue. There are not many reliable sources, and most are rough estimates of the urban population.

    According to the United Nations, Africa's urban population has been growing at a very high rate. From about 27% in 1950 to 40% in 2015, and projected to reach 60% by 2050 (UN-DESA, 2014).

    Both underdevelopment (poverty) and development have contributed to migration within African countries. Migration to the cities has encouraged the development of slums around large cities with countless inhabitants. The largest informal settlements (slums) are Khayelitsha in Cape Town, South Africa, Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya, and Accra's Jamestown, in Ghana.

    The population figures refer to the metropolitan area of Africa's capitals. For example, Cairo, the largest city in Africa, has a population of about 9.1 million people, but more than 20 million people live in its metropolitan area.

    keywords: Capital, Capital City, Capitals of Africa
    Population Source: World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision (Population of Capital Cities in 2018)

    Capital City
    Satellite View and Map
    City Population

    Capital Cities of African Nations

    Abuja Abuja Map 2,919,000 Nigeria
    Accra Accra Map 2,439,000 Ghana
    Addis Ababa (Addis Abeba) Addis Ababa Map 4,400,000 Ethiopia
    Algiers (Alger, El Djazâir, Al Jaza'ir) Algiers Map 2,694,000 Algeria
    Antananarivo Antananarivo Map 3,058,000 Madagascar
    Asmara (Asmera) Asmara Map 896,000 Eritrea
    Bamako Bamako Map 2,447,000 Mali
    Bangui Bangui Map 851,000 Central Africa
    Banjul Banjul Map 437,000 Gambia
    Bissau Bissau Map 558,000 Guinea-Bissau
    Brazzaville Brazzaville Map 2,230,000 Congo (Brazzaville)
    Bujumbura Bujumbura Map 899,000 Burundi
    Cairo (El Qahirah) Cairo Map 20,076,000 Egypt
    Cape Town (legislative)
    Bloemfontein (judicial)
    Pretoria (admin.)
    Cape Town Map
    Bloemfontein Map
    Pretoria Map
    South Africa
    Conakry Conakry Map 1,843,000 Guinea
    Dakar Dakar Map 2,978,000 Senegal
    Dar es Salaam (former capital)
    Dodoma Map
    Dar es Salaam Map
    Djibouti (City) (Djiboûtî) Djibouti City Map 562,000 Djibouti
    El AaiĂșn (Laayoune, Al 'Ayun)   232,200 Western Sahara
    Freetown Freetown Map 1,136,000 Sierra Leone
    Gaborone Gaborone Map 269,000 Botswana
    Harare (formerly Salisbury) Harare Map 1,515,000 Zimbabwe
    Juba Juba Map 369,000 South Sudan
    Kampala Kampala Map 2,986,000 Uganda
    Khartoum (Al Khartum, Al Khurtum (sd) Khartoum Map 5,534,000 Sudan
    Kigali Kigali Map 1,158,000 Rwanda
    Kinshasa Kinshasa Map 13,171,000 Congo (Kinshasa)
    Libreville Libreville Map 813,000 Gabon
    Lilongwe Lilongwe Map 1,030,000 Malawi
    Mbabane (administrative)
    Lobamba (legislative)
    Mbabane Map
    Lomé Lomé Map 1,746,000 Togo
    Luanda Luanda Map 7,774,000 Angola
    Lusaka Lusaka Map 2,524,000 Zambia
    Malabo (formerly Santa Isabel city state) Malabo Map 297,000 Equatorial Guinea
    Maputo Maputo Map 1,102,000 Mozambique
    Maseru Maseru Map 202,000 Lesotho
    Mogadishu (Muqdishu (ar), Muqdisho (so)) Mogadishu Map 2,082,000 Somalia
    Monrovia Monrovia Map 1,418,000 Liberia
    Moroni (Môrônî (Arab) Moroni Map 62,000 Comoros
    Nairobi Nairobi Map 4,386,000 Kenya
    N'Djamena (Ndjamena) N'Djamena Map 1,323,000 Chad
    Niamey Niamey Map 1,214,000 Niger
    Nouakchott (Nuwaskshut, Noûâkchot (mr)) Nouakchott Map 1,205,000 Mauritania
    Ouagadougou Ouagadougou Map 2,531,000 Burkina Faso
    Port Louis Port Louis Map 149,000 Mauritius
    Porto-Novo (constitutional)
    Cotonou (seat of government)
    Porto-Novo Map
    Cotonou Map
    Praia Praia Map 168,000 Cape Verde
    Rabat (Ar Ribat, Er Ribât (ma)) Rabat Map 1,847,000 Morocco
    Tripoli (Tarabulus) Tripoli Map 1,158,000 Libya
    Tunis (Toûnis, Tunus (tn)) Tunis Map 2,291,000 Tunisia
    Victoria Victoria Map 28,000 Seychelles
    Windhoek Windhoek Map 404,000 Namibia
    Yamoussoukro Yamoussoukro Map 231,000 Côte d'Ivoire
    Yaoundé Yaoundé Map 3,656,000 Cameroon

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