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    Aphrodite's Rock, Mediterranean Sea coast, Cyprus
    Aphrodite's Rock (Petra tou Romiou) on the coast in Paphos, western Cyprus.
    Image: Anna Anichkova
    Location map of Cyprus. Where in the world is Cyprus?
    Location map of Cyprus
    Flag of Cyprus
    Flag of Cyprus

    Destination Cyprus, a profile of the Mediterranean island between the Middle East and Europe.

    The island, geographically already part of Asia (Middle East), is located about 80 km (50 mi) south of the coast of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.

    The third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea has a land area of 9,251 km2. The island is shared by the Republic of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus (a country only recognized by Turkey), and the British Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.

    The Republic of Cyprus has a population of 875,900 (2018), about 1.2 million people live on the island. The capital and largest city is Nicosia; spoken languages are Greek and Turkish.

    Cyprus is famous for:
    Aphrodite, the Rock of the Greek, legend has it that the Greek goddess of love and beauty was born there. The solid rock necropolis Tombs of the Kings and the Roman ruins with mosaics of Nea Paphos official website
    Wreck diving (Zenobia wreck). Haloumi cheese and Commandaria, the sweet dessert wine from Cyprus and Limassol carnival.

    Republic of Cyprus | Κυπριακ? Δημοκρατ?α

    Cypriot culture is among the oldest in the Mediterranean. The island fell successively under Assyrian, Egyptian, Persian, Greek, and Roman domination. For 800 years, beginning in 364 AD, Cyprus was ruled by Byzantium. In 1571, the island was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and was ceded to Great Britain in 1878. Annexed formally by the United Kingdom in 1914, it became a crown colony in 1925. British rule lasted until August 1960 when, after a four-year liberation struggle, the island became independent and was proclaimed a Republic.

    In 1974, a coup was staged in Cyprus by the Greek-military junta to seize the government of the President of Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios, answered by a military intervention from Turkey in which the Turkish troops soon controlled about 37% of the island. 40% of the total Greek Cypriot population, were forced to leave their homes in the occupied area.

    Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the Republic of Cyprus controlled two-thirds of the island in the south, and the Turkish Cypriot one-third in the north, with a buffer zone, maintained by UN peacekeeping forces, between them.

    The Republic of Cyprus became an independent state on 16 August 1960, and a member of the United Nations one month later, it is a member state of the European Union since 2004.

    Under the influence of the United Nations and the European Union, efforts to reunite the island under a federal structure are ongoing.

    Related countries: Greece, Turkey, United Kingdom


    Country Profile

    Official Name:
    Kypriake Demokratia (Greek), Kibris Cumhuriyeti (Turk.)
    short form: Kypros (Greek), Kibris (Turk.)
    int'l long form: Republic of Cyprus
    int'l short form: Cyprus
    (the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), only recognized by Turkey)

    ISO Country Code: CY, CYP

    Actual Time: Sun-Nov-22  19:00
    Local Time = UTC +2h
    Summer Time (DST) UTC +3

    Country Calling Code: +357

    Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia) (pop. 197 800)

    Other Cities:
    Larnaca, Limassol (Lemesos)
    Famagusta, Paphos, Kyrenia, Morphou.

    Type: Republic.
    Independence: 16 August 1960 (from the UK).
    Constitution: 16 August, 1960.

    Location: Middle East, an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey.
    Area: 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Central plain with mountain ranges to the north and south.

    Climate: Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.

    Nationality: Cypriot(s).
    Population: 848,000 (2015 census)
    Ethnic groups: Greek (77%), Turkish (18%), Armenian and other (4%).
    Religions: Greek Orthodox, Muslim, Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Orthodox.
    Languages: Greek, Turkish, English.
    Literacy: about 99%.

    Natural resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.

    Agriculture products: Potatoes, citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables, poultry, pork, lamb, kids, dairy.

    Industries: Food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism, wood products.

    Greek Cypriot area: Beginning 1 January 2008, the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was replaced by the euro;
    Turkish Cypriot area: Turkish Lira (TRL)

    Exports partners: Turkey 40%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited

    Imports partners: Turkey 60%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited

    Cyprus in Figures
    Cyprus key statistical data.

    Official Sites of Cyprus

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    The Presidential Palace in Nicosia, Cyprus
    The Presidential Palace in Nicosia is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Republic of Cyprus.
    Image: Republicofkazai


    Cyprus is a presidential republic with independent executive, legislative and judicial branches. Head of State of the Republic of Cyprus is the President. He must be a Greek Cypriot and is elected for five years. The House of Representatives is the country's parliament. Its members are elected by proportional representation every five years.

    Republic of Cyprus

    Republic of Cyprus
    Official web site and entry point for all government departments and services.

    House of Representatives
    The Cyprus Parliament.

    Press and Information Office
    The mission of PIO is to inform world opinion on the Cyprus problem and to promote Cyprus.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Responsible for the promotion of the political, economic, cultural, and other interests of the Republic of Cyprus abroad.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Cyprus to the United Nations
    Representation of Cyprus to the UN.
    Embassy of Cyprus
    Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus in the U.S., Washington, D.C.
    Cyprus Diplomatic Missions Abroad
    List of Cyprus Diplomatic Missions.
    Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Cyprus
    List of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Cyprus.

    Turkish Republic Of Northern Cyprus
    Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Website of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    Statistical Service of Cyprus
    The Statistical Service of Cyprus provides statistical data of Cyprus.



    Maps of Cyprus

    Cyprus Map
    Map of Cyprus (click map to enlarge)
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    profile Map of Cyprus
    Political Map of Cyprus.

    Google Earth Google Earth Cyprus
    Searchable map and satellite view of Cyprus.
    Google Earth Google Earth Map of Nicosia
    Searchable map and satellite view of the capital city of Cyprus.

    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.
    profile Map of Western Asia
    Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.


    News of Cyprus


    Online News from Cyprus

    Cyprus Mail
    International daily news from Cyprus.

    The Cypress Observer
    A Turkish-Cypriot owned English-language weekly newspaper.

    Cyprus News Agency CNA
    A major news agency in Cyprus.

    InCyprus - The Cyprus Weekly
    Comprehensive news portal.

    Press and Information Office
    Official Cyprus news.

    International News sources
    The Guardian - Cyprus
    Cyprus related news by The Guardian.


    Arts & Culture of Cyprus

    Building of the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia
    The building of the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Image: A.Savin

    Arts & Culture

    Cyprus Events & Festivals
    What's on in Cyprus, a guide to Cyprus cultural and subcultural events.

    Cypriot People and Culture
    A website about people and culture of Cyprus.

    Cyprus Wine Museum
    The Cyprus Wine Museum is located in the village of Erimi.

    Cyprus Museum of Natural History
    Museum for the flora, fauna, and geology of Cyprus.

    Leventis Gallery
    The Leventis Gallery in Nicosia houses a collection of over 800 paintings from Cypriot, Greek, and European artists.

    Paradise Jazz Festival Cyprus
    Official website of the festival.


    Business & Economy of Cyprus

    The futuristic Limassol New Port in Cyprus
    The futuristic Limassol New Port. Limassol's New Port is now the principal seaport of the island.
    Image: Kassianos

    Economy of Cyprus
    The Republic of Cyprus is a high-income country with a liberal market economy. Financial services and the tourism industry are the most important economic sectors. Cyprus' primary industries are tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone and clay products.

    Central Bank of Cyprus
    The Central Bank of Cyprus is located in Nicosia. Founded in 1963.

    Cyprus Stock Exchange CSE
    A European stock exchange located in Nicosia.

    Bank of Cyprus Group
    The BOC is a Cypriot financial services company with 108 branches/business offices in Cyprus. The largest bank in Cyprus was established in 1899.

    Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry CCCI
    Private corporate body funded by its members’ subscription fees and through income generated from a number of services.

    The site provides information and analysis on the country’s business environment.


    Cyprus Airways
    Cyprus' flag-carrier ceased operations in January 2015.

    Charlie Airlines
    The Cypriot airline Charlie Airlines operates as Cyprus Airways and is based at Larnaca International Airport.

    Larnaka International Airport
    One of two international airports and the largest in the country.
    Paphos International Airport
    Cyprus' other international airport

    Cyprus Ports Authority
    The government authority is responsible for the supervision and control of the country's ports and port facilities.


    Tourism in Cyprus

    Hala Sultan Tekke near Larnaca Salt Lake, Cyprus
    Hala Sultan Tekke mosque at Larnaca Salt Lake.
    Image: Alexander Savin

    Destination Cyprus - Travel and Tour Guides


    Cyprus keywords:

    Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol (Limassol Castle); Paphos (Tombs of the Kings); Kolossi Castle (a Crusader stronghold); Petra tou Romiou (Aphrodite's Rock); Fig Tree Bay (sandy beach); Hala Sultan Tekke (Mosque of Umm Haram); Cyprus Museum (an archaeological museum); Leventis Gallery (art gallery); Khirokitia (or Choirokoitia, Neolithic archaeological site).

    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, and much more.

    The Official Website of the Cyprus Tourism Organization with broad information about the island.

    Other Tourism Websites

    The World of Cyprus.

    A Window on Cyprus
    A comprehensive Cypriot portal.

    City Guides

    Nicosia Municipality.
    Larnaca Port and city guide.
    Limassol (Lemesos)
    Limassol Municipality.
    Paphos Municipality.

    North Cyprus (the Turkish part of Cyprus)

    North Cyprus
    A guide to the Turkish Cypriot-administered area.

    Mount Olympus (Chionistra), highest point in Cyprus
    Mount Olympus (Chionistra) is with 1,952 m (6,404 ft) the highest point in Cyprus. Not to be confused with Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece.
    Image: Dickelbers

    Paphos Archaeological Park Cyprus
    Paphos Archaeological Park. It is the area of the ancient city of Paphos in the present-day town of Paphos on the south-western coast of Cyprus. It covers about-one third of the ancient city.
    Image: Sergey Galyonkin

    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cyprus
    There are three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cyprus and eleven sites on the Tentative List (see the List)

    World Heritage Site Paphos
    Paphos was a center of the cult of Aphrodite and pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's legendary birthplace was on this island, where the Myceneans erected her temple in the 12th century B.C.

    World Heritage Site Painted Churches in the Troodos Region
    A complex of 10 monuments included on the World Heritage List. The churches are all richly decorated with murals, and they provide an overview of Byzantine and post-Byzantine painting in Cyprus.

    World Heritage Site Choirokoitia
    The Neolithic settlement of Choirokoitia was occupied from the 7th to the 4th millennium B.C.; it is regarded as one of the most important prehistoric sites in the eastern Mediterranean.


    Education in Cyprus

    Inner courtyard of the old part of the University of Cyprus in Nicosia
    Inner courtyard of the old part of the University of Cyprus in Nicosia.
    Image: UniversityofCypruspics

    Cyprus Higher Education
    Official information website of the Higher Education System in Cyprus.

    Cyprus College
    The Cyprus College is the oldest University College in Cyprus; it was founded in 1961.

    University of Cyprus
    The University of Cyprus is a university in Nicosia and the most prestigious university in the Republic of Cyprus; it was established in 1989.

    Open University of Cyprus
    The Open University of Cyprus (OUC) was established in 2002 as the second State Institution of Higher Education in Cyprus.

    University of Nicosia
    The University of Nicosia is a private, co-educational tertiary education institution.

    Cyprus International University
    The Turkish Cypriot University was established in 1996.



    Environment & Nature

    Aerial view of Nissi beach Ayia Napa, Cyprus
    Aerial view of Nissi beach Ayia Napa, Cyprus.
    Image: dronepicr

    Cyprus' environmental issues
    Cyprus has a water resource problem. There are no natural reservoir catchments, a seasonal disparity in rainfall, and seawater intrusion to the island's largest aquifer.
    Other problems are water pollution from sewage, industrial wastes, and pesticides. There is coastal degradation by erosion and a loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization.

    Environmental organizations Cyprus
    The Environmental Study Center - ESC
    ESC is the first and probably the only center for practical environmental education in Cyprus.

    Terra Cypria
    The Cyprus Conservation Foundation, an NGO, and a sibling to the Laona Foundation for the Conservation and Regeneration of the Cypriot Countryside.

    Birdlife Cyprus
    Birds & Birding, Cyprus.



    Cyprus History

    Francesco Berlinghieri map of Cyprus
    Francesco Berlinghieri map of Cyprus. Berlinghieri printed the first edition of Ptolemy's Geographia in vernacular Italian.
    Map: Francesco Berlinghieri (1440–1501)

    The history of Cyprus already begins at the end of the Paleolithic Age. The strategic location of the island was a significant reason for its eventful history. It was under the influence of the cultures of the Aegean, Anatolia, the Levant, and Egypt.

    A History of Cyprus
    Illustrated page about the History of Cyprus.

    Aspects of Cyprus
    Under History, the page covers Cyprus' history from the earliest days until today.

    History of Cyprus
    Encyclopedia Britannica article about Cyprus' history.

    History of Cyprus
    Wikipedia article about the history of Cyprus.



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