One World
    Nations Online

    Ethiopia flag detail
    Home Earth Continents Africa Ethiopia

    ___ Ethiopia

    Tigray Escarpment, Ethiopia
    Tigray Escarpment in northern Ethiopia.
    Image: Rod Waddington
    Ethiopia flag
    Official Flag of Ethiopia since 1996
    Location map of Ethiopia. Where in Africa is Ethiopia?
    Location map of Ethiopia
    A virtual guide to Ethiopia, the land formerly known as Abyssinia.
    Ethiopia is a landlocked country on the Horn of Africa, in the east of the continent. It is bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Somaliland (Somalia).

    Ethiopia covers an area of 1,126,829 km2, this is about twice the size of France or the U.S. state of Texas. Highest elevation is Mount Ras Dashen with 4620 m.

    A population of more than 90 million inhabitants makes the country the second-most populous nation in Africa. The country comprises of more than 80 ethnic groups and as many languages.

    Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia | Ityop'iya

    Country Profile

    Oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years. The country comprises of more than 80 ethnic groups and as many languages. Primarily their shared independent existence unites Ethiopia's many nations. Unique among African countries, Ethiopia has never been colonised, one exception being the occupation by Italy in 1936-41.
    In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime of Mengistu Hailemariam was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991.
    A new constitution was adopted in 1994 which guaranteed the religious rights and the cultural and political rights of all ethnic groups. Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. With a peace treaty on 12 December 2000 a 30 year old struggle with Eritrea ended.

    Official Name:
    Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
    short form: Ityop'iya
    int'l long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
    int'l short form: Ethiopia
    abbreviation: FDRE
    former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa.

    ISO Country Code: et, ETH

    Actual Time : Sun-Nov-8  03:37
    Ethiopian Standard Time = UTC +3h
    Ethiopia does not operate Daylight-Saving Time.

    Country Calling Code: +251

    Capital: Addis Ababa (pop. 3 million)

    Largest Cities:
    Dire Dawa (180,000), Harar (138,000), Dessie (105,000), Nazret (100,000), Bahir Dar (95,000), Awassa (90,000)

    Federal parliamentary democracy.
    New constitution adopted in 1995.

    Location: Horn of Africa bordered by the Sudan on the west, Somalia and Djibouti on the east, Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south.
    Area: 1.1 million km² (440 000 sq. mi.) about twice the size of Kenya, France or Texas.
    Terrain: Rugged mountains, flat-topped high plateaus, deep river canyons, rolling plains and dry low lands.

    Climate: Temperate in the highlands; tropical in the lowlands; dry season from October through May; wet season from June to September.

    Nationality: Noun and adjective: Ethiopian(s)
    Population: 90 millions (2015)
    Ethnic groups (est.): comprised of seventy-eight nations of which the Amhara and the Oromo constitute the majority, Oromo 35%, Amhara 30%, Tigre 6%-8%, Somali 6%
    Religions: Ethiopian Orthodox Christian 45%-50%, Muslim 40%, Protestant 5%, Animic
    Languages: Amharic (official), Afan Oromo, Tigrinya, Gurage, Somali, Arabic and about 80 other local languages. English (major foreign language taught in schools)
    Ethiopian alphabet: Geèz

    Natural resources: Small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower.
    Agriculture - products: Cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, sugarcane, potatoes, qat; hides, cattle, sheep, goats.

    Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metals processing, cement.

    Exports - commodities: coffee (27%, by value), oilseeds (17%), edible vegetables including khat (17%), gold (13%), flowers (7%), live animals (7%), raw leather products (3%), meat products (3%)

    Exports - partners: Switzerland 14.3%, China 11.7%, USA 9.5%, Netherlands 8.8%, Saudi Arabia 5.9%, Germany 5.7% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and aircraft (14%, by value), metal and metal products, (14%), electrical materials, (13%), petroleum products (12%), motor vehicles, (10%), chemicals and fertilizers (4%)

    Imports - partners: China 20.4%, USA 9.2%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, India 4.5% (2015)

    Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

    Political system

    Ethiopia is a federal parliamentary republic. Chief of state is the president, head of government is the prime minister. Executive power is held by the government, the legislative power is vested in the Parliament. The Parliament of Ethiopia consists of the House of Federation (upper chamber) and the House of Peoples' Representatives (lower chamber).

    In October 2016 the government ordered a state of emergency that permits draconian restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association, and assembly. The order followed a year of protests during which security forces killed hundreds of protesters and detained tens of thousands. The Ethiopian government has not conducted meaningful investigations into any of these abuses. (HRW)

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Ethiopia

    Ethiopian Government Portal
    The site provides information about the country's government, history, people and economy.

    The Parliament of Ethiopia
    The site has information regarding the structures, powers and functions of the two Houses.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of FDRE
    Official site of the ministry.

    Diplomatic Missions
    The Ethiopian Government Information Service
    by the Ethiopian Embassy of Sweden.
    Permanent Mission of Ethiopia to the United Nations
    Ethiopia's Permanent Representation at the UN.
    Consulate of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in Canada
    Official Website of the Consulate, Toronto.
    Embassy of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    Official Website of the UK Embassy, London.
    Embassy of Ethiopia Washington, DC
    Website of the Ethiopian Embassy.
    Ethiopian diplomatic missions abroad.
    Address list of Ethiopian diplomatic missions abroad.

    royal Imperial Ethiopia
    The official site of the Imperial Crown Council of Ethiopia, the governing body of the Imperial Family of Ethiopia, Africa's oldest royal dynasty.


    Map of Ethiopia
    Political Map of Ethiopia.
    Google Earth Google Earth Ethiopia
    Searchable map and satellite view of Ethiopia.
    Google Earth Google Earth Addis Ababa
    Searchable map and satellite view of Ethiopia's capital city.

    Political Map of Africa
    The 54 countries of Africa.
    Map of Africa
    A Relief Map of Africa.

    Skyline of Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia
    Skyline of Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia.
    Image: Laika ac

    Ethiopia News

    Like in many African countries radio is the medium of choice,
    reaching rural areas where most of the people live. But, Ethiopia is among Africa’s leading jailers of journalists and has little independent media.

    News Agency
    Ethiopian News Agency.

    Addis Admass
    A privately owned Amharic-language weekly.
    Business weekly.
    Business weekly.
    Ethiopian news from the Internet, news from Ethiopia.
    Private site provides news and information on Ethiopia.
    Ethiopian Press Agency - Herald
    State-owned daily in English.
    Ethiopian Reporter
    Online edition of the Ethiopian daily.
    Walta Information Centre (WIC)

    Swiss based independent portal site with public service for the Ethiopian community.

    Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation (EBC)
    The state-owned TV and Radio operates National Service, External Service and regional stations.

    Admas Radio
    Ethiopian talk, sports, news, entertainment radio.
    Fana Broadcasting Corporate
    Ethiopian radio.


    Bookmark/share this page

    Ben Abeba restaurant in Lalibela
    Ben Abeba restaurant in Lalibela, Amhara region of Ethiopia.
    Image: Norbert Bergler

    Arts & Culture

    Debre Hayq Ethiopian Art Gallery
    The site promotes visual artists from Ethiopia.

    Ethiopian Music & Entertainment plays contemporary, popular, and traditional Ethiopian music.
    Mulatu Astatke (Official Artist Page)
    Site of Mulatu Astatke, composer, arranger and the founder of Ethio Jazz. Born in Jimma, Ethiopia.

    An Ethiopian Online Literary Page; Ethiopia, Tigrigna, Amharic, English Poetry, Stories, Essays, News, lietrature, Novels and Book Reviews.

    Amharic-English English-Amharic Dictionary
    With downloadable PC and Mac Fonts.

    Business & Economy

    National Bank of Ethiopia
    The central bank of Ethiopia.

    Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce
    Official website of the Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (AACCSA).

    Ethiopian Investment Agency (EIA)
    EIA is a government agency promoting private investment, primarily foreign direct investment.

    A business portal site.

    Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation

    Ethiopian Airlines
    Ethiopian Airlines Enterprise, serves destinations in Africa, Europe, USA, and Asia.
    Blue Nile Falls (Tis Abay), Ethiopia
    Blue Nile Falls (Tis Abay), located about 27 km downstream from Lake Tana.
    Image: CT Snow

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Destination Ethiopia - Travel and Tour Guides

    Discover Ethiopia:
    Lake Tana (the source of the Blue Nile), Blue Nile Falls (waterfall on the upper course of the river); Simien Mountains National Park, the UNESCO World Heritage Site offers nice escarpments, deep valleys, and a high plateau, including Ras Dashen, the highest mountain in Ethiopia at 4,550 m; Harenna Forest, a region of the Bale Mountains; Valley of Marvels" a rock formation near Babille, Oromia.

    Ethiopian Tourism
    Official website of the Ethiopian Tourism Commission.

    Ethiopian portal provides news and country information.

    Experience Ethiopia Travel
    Ethiopian owned company provides information on travel to and in Ethiopia.

    Dear Ethiopia
    Travel through Ethiopia and discover Ethiopian wonders.

    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ethiopia

    World Heritage Site
    Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela
    Lalibela in the Amhara region of northern Ethiopia is a center of Ethiopian Christianity and one of Ethiopia's holiest cities. The town is famous for eleven monolithic rock-cut churches from the 13th-century.

    World Heritage Site Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region
    Fasil Ghebbi, the Royal Enclosure, is the remains of the 17th century fortress-city founded by Emperor Fasilides (Fasil) within Gondar in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. It was for some times the home of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors.

    World Heritage Site Aksum
    The ruins of the ancient city of Aksum, the heart of ancient Ethiopia (in present-day Eritrea, the Tigray Region and Yemen) in times when the Aksumite kingdom was part of the Mediterranean world and the most powerful empire between the Byzantine Empire and Persia.

    Fasilides Palace in Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar, Ethiopia
    Fasilides Palace in Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Image: Bernard Gagnon



    Addis Ababa University
    The state university in Addis Ababa was founded in 1950. The site provides information about the university and its departments.

    Ethiopian Distance Learning Association
    Virtual School of Ethiopian Studies.

    A national ICT system for distance education, government data network and Internet services.
    Semien mountains Ethiopia
    Semien mountains in northern Ethiopia, they are a World Heritage Site and include the Semien Mountains National Park.
    Image: Hulivili

    Environment - Environmental Organizations Ethiopia

    Ethiopian Tree Fund Foundation
    US based NGO with the aim to save one of the last remaining virgin tropical forests in the southern part of Ethiopia.

    Intergovernmental Organization
    The Intergovernmental Authority on Development, a regional grouping of seven Eastern African countries created in 1986 to fight the recurrent and severe droughts and other natural disasters that caused widespread famine, ecological degradation and economic hardship in the Eastern Africa region between 1974 and 1984.



    History of Ethiopia
    Information on the History of Ethiopia by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of FDRE.
    About Ethiopia
    A Collection of Essays by Dr. Richard Pankhurst.
    Eritrean–Ethiopian War
    Wikipedia article related to the Eritrean–Ethiopian War.
    Ethiopia-Eritrea Conflict Page
    The site was initially developed by the Eritrean Media and Information Task Force (Badme Task Force), a volunteer group of Eritrean-Americans in the Washington Metropolitan Area.
    Ethiopian History 500bc - 1996
    Comprehensive site about Ethiopian history.
    First Italo-Ethiopian War
    Wikipedia articles about Italy's invasion of Ethiopia.
    History of Ethiopia
    Wikipedia articles about the history of Ethiopia.


    Africa South of the Sahara Ethiopia

    Sources and additional Information about Ethiopia

    Amnesty International: Ethiopia

    BBC Country Profile: Ethiopia

    FAO: Ethiopia

    GlobalEDGE: Ethiopia

    The Heritage Foundation: Ethiopia

    Human Rights Watch - Ethiopia

    OEC: Ethiopia

    Reporters Without Borders: Ethiopia

    Wikipedia: Ethiopia

    The World Factbook -- Ethiopia
     Support UNICEF

    Other Countries of Central Africa
    Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa), Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe

    Other Countries of Eastern Africa
    Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
    Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Major Cities in Eastern Africa
    Addis Ababa, Antananarivo, Asmara, Bujumbura, Dar es Salaam, Djibouti, Dodoma, Harare, Kampala, Kigali, Lilongwe, Lusaka, Maputo, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Moroni, Nairobi, Port Louis, Saint-Denis, Victoria