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    Hooghly River and Second Hooghly Bridge (Vidyasagar Setu) Kolkata
    Hooghly River at Kolkata, the river is traditionally called 'Ganga' (Ganges), it is one of many distributary arms of the Ganges River. Vidyasagar Setu, also known as Second Hooghly Bridge in the background, the bridge links the cities of Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta) and Howrah.
    Image: MonomoyDas

    Location map of India. Where in the world is India?
    Location map of India

    Flag of India; click to enlarge
    Flag of India

    Destination India, a Nations Online country profile of the vast country in South-Central Asia that occupies the greater part of the Indian subcontinent. The country borders the Himalayas in the north, the Arabian Sea in the west, the Bay of Bengal in the east, and the Laccadive Sea in the south. India shares borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China (Xizang - Tibet Autonomous Region), Nepal, and Pakistan, and it shares maritime borders with Indonesia, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

    India is the second-most populous country in the world (after China), with an estimated population of 1.36 billion people (in 2019). The country is subdivided into 29 states and seven Union Territories.

    With an area of 3,287,263 km2, India is the 7th largest country in the world, about one-third the size of the USA.

    Capital and largest urban area of India is (New) Delhi; the second largest city is Mumbai. The official languages are Hindi-Urdu and English (the Indian Constitution lists 22 recognized languages).

    Republic of India | Bhārat | ????


    The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, goes back at least 5,000 years.
    Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by European traders beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands.

    Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU led to India's independence in 1947.

    The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.

    Fundamental concerns in India include the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic strife, all this despite impressive gains in economic investment and output.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


    Country Profile

    Official Name:
    Bharat Ganarajya
    local short form: Bharat
    Int'l conventional long form: Republic of India
    Int'l conventional short form: India

    ISO Country Code: IN, IND

    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  19:23
    Local Time = UTC +5:30h

    Country Calling Code: +91

    Capital City: Delhi (Dilli)
    The Municipality of Delhi (pop. 21 million).

    ...show more

    Official Sites of India

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Prime Minister's office, Secretariat Building in New Delhi
    The Secretariat Building in New Delhi houses the Prime Minister's office. It also houses the Ministries of Defense, Finance, Home Affairs, and External Affairs.
    Image: Laurie Jones


    National Portal of India
    The web presence of the Government of India.

    Prime Minister's Office
    Official site of India's Prime Minister's Office.

    The President of India
    Official website of India's President.

    Indian Parliament
    The Indian Parliament is composed of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People).

    Open Government Data Platform (OGD) India.

    Directory of official web sites of the Government of India.

    Bombay High Court
    The Bombay High Court is one of the premier High Courts in India. It has Appellate Jurisdiction over the State of Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu.

    Ministry of External Affairs
    Official website of the Foreign Ministry. The site includes information on governmental events.

    Permanent Mission of India to the UN
    India's representation to the United Nations.
    Embassy of India in the U.S.
    Washington D.C.
    India's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
    List of India's Embassies, General Consulates and High Commissions abroad.

    Census of India
    Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
    Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
    National Statistical Office of India.

    India in numbers
    India Key Statistical Data.



    Maps of India

    India Map
    Administrative Map of India (click map to enlarge)
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    Map of India
    Administrative Map of India with States and Union Territories and their capitals.

    States of India Map
    The map shows all 29 states of India with capitals and major cities.
    Map of the Kashmir Region
    Political Map of the Kashmir Region.

    Google Earth Google Earth India
    Searchable map/satellite view of India.
    Google Earth Google Earth Delhi
    Searchable map/satellite view of India's capital city.
    Google Earth Google Earth Kolkata
    Searchable map/satellite view of Kolkata, the former Calcutta.
    Google Earth Google Earth Mumbai
    Searchable map/satellite view of Mumbai, the former Bombay.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.



    News from India

    Indian Newspapers
    Image: Shajankumar

    India's Newspapers

    Deccan Chronicle
    Secunderabad - National and international news.
    Deccan Herald
    Bangalore - National and international news.
    Doordarshan News
    A national television service provides domestic and international news.
    Hindustan Times
    New Delhi - with news on politics, business, new economy, entertainment, fashion, and lifestyle.
    Indian Express
    Bombay - India News.
    The New Indian Express
    English-language daily newspaper published in Chennai.
    India Today News
    Weekly magazine - the country's most widely read publication.
    India news and information.
    The New Indian Express
    English-language daily broadsheet from Chennai.
    Mumbai based India related magazine with news, business, travel.
    The Hindu
    Chennai (Madras) - Online edition of India's National Newspaper.
    Times of India
    New Delhi - Indian national daily.
    The Tribune
    India news with regional news from Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, and Punjab.

    Monthly magazine.
    The Week
    Weekly News magazine.

    Hindi News
    Amar Ujala
    A leading Hindi newspaper.
    Hindi Newspaper.

    Aaj Tak
    Hindi language news channel, part of India Today Group.
    Doordarshan Television
    Public TV; operates national, regional, and local services throughout India.
    Latest News from India.
    Indian English-language news television channel.
    Operates satellite, cable TV services, including STAR News; owned by News Corporation.
    Zee TV
    Zee is one of the most popular entertainment brands in India.

    Aamar 106.2FM
    Music from Kolkata.
    All India Radio
    Akashvani is the national public radio broadcaster; it operates domestic and external networks.
    Radio Mirchi
    Commercial network with Hindi Music radio stations all over India.

    International News
    The Guardian | India


    Arts & Culture of India

    Dravidian architecture style Brihadeeswara Temple in Thanjavur
    The Brihadishvara Temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu.
    Image: Mdjaveed

    Arts & Culture

    National Portal of India :: Art & Culture
    The government site offers comprehensive information related to cultural heritage, ancient monuments, literary, and visual arts.

    Arts & Culture India
    Incredible India about the country's art and culture.

    Know India: Culture and Heritage
    The Ministry of Culture


    National Gallery of Modern Art
    India's National Gallery of Modern Art in Delhi.

    Indira Gandhi National Center of Art
    National center for arts & culture.

    Allahabad Museum
    The National Museum in Allahabad houses various galleries and collections ranging from ancient stone sculptures to modern Indian paintings.

    Lalit Kala Akademi
    India's National Academy of Art.

    Art India
    Quarterly magazine specializing in Indian contemporary art.

    Raja Ravi Varma
    Comprehensive Wikipedia article about the famous Indian painter.

    Music India OnLine
    Indian Music Resource.

    Ravi Shankar
    Ravi Shankar Foundation. The Sitar Man. Ravi Shankar (1920-2012) was an Indian musician and composer of Hindustani classical music. He was best known as an exponent of the sitar, and he popularized the use of the Indian instruments in pop music.

    Mahatma Gandhi
    Mahatma Gandhi
    Gandhi Quotes, Philosophy, Biography, and Articles. The site is dedicated to the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi.

    Mystic India
    Rediscover ancient India. Mystic India is a 2004 film about India's culture, people, and traditions.

    New Delhi, an alternative, non-profit space for an imaginative reconstitution of urban public culture, new/old media practice and research, and critical cultural intervention.

    BBC - History of Indian Mathematics
    Marcus du Sautoy presents the History of Indian Mathematics, a video on YouTube.

    Indian Religion and Deities

    Hindu Image Gallery
    Image gallery of colorful folk art paintings of Hindu deities.

    Comprehensive Wikipedia entry about Hinduism, an Indian religion deeply rooted in Indian culture.

    Wikipedia entry about Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region.


    Business & Economy of India

    Bank of India
    The government-owned commercial bank with headquarters in Mumbai was founded in 1906.
    Bombay Stock Exchange
    Asia's first stock exchange.
    National Stock Exchange of India
    The leading stock exchange of India is located in Mumbai.
    Punjab National Bank
    A banking and financial services bank of the Indian government, headquartered in New Delhi.
    Reserve Bank of India
    India's central bank
    State Bank of India
    Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services.

    Commerce and Industry
    Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry


    India's largest online marketplace.

    Council for Leather Exports
    Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts

    India Trade Promotion Organization
    India Trade Promotion Organization is the premier trade promotion agency of the Government of India.

    Spices Board India
    All about Indian Spices.

    Teaboard India
    The World of India's Tea.

    India's largest online job portal.

    __ Transportation

    Airlines of India
    Air India
    Homepage of the national airline carrier.

    Air India Express
    Indian low-cost airline with destinations in India, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia.

    Indian low-cost airline based in Mumbai.

    Low-cost carrier and India's largest airline.

    Another low-cost airline with its hub at Indira Gandhi International Airport.

    Indian airline based in Gurgaon, with its hub at Delhi.

    Indian Railways
    The Deccan Odyssey
    India's newest Luxury Train - Also known as the Palace On Wheels of Maharashtra.
    The Palace on Wheels
    A classy seven-day rail journey from New Delhi to Chittaurgarh.

    Indian Railways
    Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways; it consists of 18 zones (see below).

    Indian Railways Passenger Reservation
    Trains/Fare/Reservation Availability Status

    Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
    Darjeeling train service.

    Central Railway
    Central Railway Mumbai serves the States of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh, connecting 473 stations.

    Western Railway
    Western Railway serves entire Gujarat, part of Rajasthan and some portion of Madhya Pradesh. It also operates the Mumbai Rajdhani Express, a super-fast express train that runs between Mumbai Central and New Delhi.

    Northeast Frontier Railways
    North East India rail service.
    South Central Railway
    The South Central Railway has its headquarters at Secunderabad.
    South Eastern Railway
    SER, traditionally known as Bengal Nagpur Railway (West Bengal, Orissa and Jharkhand).
    East Central Railway
    East Central Railway with its Headquarters at Hajipur in Bihar.
    North-Western Railway
    West Central Railway
    West Central Railway Zone with its headquarters at Jabalpur.


    Tourism in India

    Royal Chhatris on the bank of the Betwa River in Orchha, India
    Royal Chhatris, dome-shaped pavilions, on the bank of the Betwa River in Orchha; Madhya Pradesh.
    Image: ShivaRajvanshi

    Destination India - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover India:
    Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, state tourism boards, cities and destination guides, travel themes, information on hotels, airlines, accommodation, and much more.

    Incredible India
    India's official tourism portal.

    Ministry of Tourism
    Official Website of the Ministry of Tourism.

    Travel India's States
    List of official tourism websites by state.

    Andhra Pradesh Tourism
    Official guide to destinations in Andhra Pradesh.

    Arunachal Tourism
    Arunachal Pradesh's official tourism website.

    Assam Department of Tourism
    Official tourism website.

    Bihar State Tourism
    Bihar travel information.

    Official guide to the capital of the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana.

    Chhattisgarh Tourism Board
    Useful information for your visit of Chhattisgarh.

    Goa Department of Tourism
    Government of Goa's tourism site.

    Gujarat Tourism
    The Official Website of Gujarat Tourism.

    Oficial website for tourism in Haryana, the state of northern India.

    Himachal Pradesh Tourism
    Official tourism website of Himachal to destinations like Shimla, Manali, Kullu, Dharamshala, and others.

    Jharkhand tourism
    Travel the " Land of Forests" to see holy shrines, tribes, museums, and wildlife sanctuaries.

    Karnataka Tourism
    Bengaluru, Mysuru, Hampi, Srirangapatna, you name it.

    Experience Kerala, hills, beaches, festivals, and wildlife.

    Madhya Pradesh
    Destinations in Madhya Pradesh, a larges state in central India.

    Explore Maharashtra, the West-Indian state that borders the Arabian Sea.

    Official guide to Manipur, the state in northeast India, on the border to Myanmar.

    Official tourism portal Meghalaya, "The abode of clouds," is a mountain state in the northeastern part of the country.

    Mizoram Tourism
    Official guide to Mizoram, the state in northeastern India, between Bangladesh and Myanmar.

    Tourist guide to the state in eastern India with a coastline along the Bay of Bengal.

    The state is part of the larger Punjab region; it borders Pakistan in the west.

    All tourist highlights of Rajasthan.

    The state in the southern Himalayas between Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan.

    Tamil Nadu
    Explore Tamil Nadu, the state at the southern tip of India.

    India's newest state with Hyderabad at its center.

    Uttar Pradesh
    You're never alone in India's most populous state.

    Destination Uttarakhand, the state in the Himalayas in northern India.
    Almora is a town in Uttarakhand, nestled within the higher peaks of the Himalayas; it offers notable temples and Himalaya treks.

    West Bengal
    Tour guide to West Bengal in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal.

    Travel Forum
    India Travel Forum
    Forum related to travel in India.

    States and Union Territories of India
    Comprehensive page about all Indian States and Union Territories.

    Rani ki vav, the Queen’s Stepwell, Patan in Gujarat state
    Rani ki vav, the Queen’s Stepwell, is a famous stepwell in Patan in Gujarat state, the intricately constructed subterranean water architecture is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    Image: Bernard Gagnon

    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India
    Some of India's most famous World Heritage Sites.

    World Heritage Site Agra Fort
    The historical fortress of red sandstone in the city of Agra was the main residence of the emperors of the Islamic Mughal Dynasty.

    World Heritage Site Taj Mahal
    The famous mausoleum in Agra was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, the Empress consort Mumtaz Mahal.

    World Heritage Site Ellora Caves
    Over 100 rock-carved caves in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. 34 monasteries and temples with rich sculptural decoration were dug side by side into the wall of a high basalt cliff between 600 and 1000 AD.

    World Heritage Site Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
    The Mahabodhi Temple (literally: "Great Awakening Temple") in Bodh Gaya, the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have attained Enlightenment.

    World Heritage Site Rani ki vav
    Rani ki vav (The Queen's Stepwell) is a famous stepwell, an Indian subterranean water resource and storage systems, in Patan, Gujarat.


    Education in India

    Senate House of the University of Madras
    The Senate House is the administrative center of the University of Madras in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Image: Jonas Buchholz

    Universities and Science Institutes

    Aligarh Muslim University
    Indian public university, formerly the Mohammedan Anglo Oriental (MAO) College (founded in 1875), AMU, a Central University since 1920, is located in the city of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.

    Indian Institute of Science (IISc)?
    The public institute for research and higher education in science and engineering is located in Bangalore, Karnataka.

    Panjab University
    Chandigarh, founded in 1882 at Lahore.

    Chennai (Madras)
    University of Madras
    "Learning Promotes Natural Talent"; the university is one of the oldest and prestigious universities in India, established in 1857, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

    Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)
    One of the leading Indian Institutes of Technology

    University of Delhi
    A premier university of the country, established in 1922.

    Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
    IIT Delhi is one of the top-ranked universities in India.

    University of Hyderabad
    The University of Hyderabad is a public research university in Hyderabad, Telangana; it was established in 1974.

    University of Mumbai
    The former University of Bombay is one of the oldest state universities in India, established in 1857.

    Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
    IIT Bombay is a leading college with its campus at Powai, in East Mumbai.

    University of Pune
    Savitribai Phule Pune University was established in 1948.

    Centre for the Study of Developing Societies
    CSDS is an Indian research institute for the social sciences and humanities.

    Indian Space Research Organisation
    Official website of India's national space agency.



    Environment & Nature

    Air pollution in India, the Taj Mahal blanketed by smog
    Air pollution in India is a major environmental issue. The image shows the Taj Mahal blanketed by smog.
    Image: Adithya0376

    Ministry of Environment & Forests
    The ministry is in charge of the planning, promotion, coordination, and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programs.

    Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education
    Governmental agency for forestry research and education.

    Non-Profit Research Institutions & NGOs:
    Bombay Natural History Society
    BNHS is a pan-India wildlife research organization that has been promoting the cause of nature conservation since 1883.

    Centre for Science and Environment
    CSE is a think tank on environment-development issues in India.

    Down to Earth
    A magazine for the environment, science, and nature.

    Delhi Greens
    Delhi Greens is a non-governmental organisation for a green environment and sustainable development.

    Environmentalist Foundation of India
    EFI is a wildlife conservation and habitat restoration group.

    The Energy and Resources Institute
    TERI is a research institute in New Delhi that specializes in the fields of energy, environment, and sustainable development.

    Vindhyan Ecology and Natural History Foundation
    Vindhya Bachao is a non-government organization based in Mirzapur engaged in the environmental protection of the Vindhya Range, the Gangetic Plains, and the Himalayas.

    WWF-India Program
    WWF conservation work in India.


    India History

    15th century Kalpa Sūtra
    15th century Kalpa Sūtra (Jain text). The sutra shows the crescent-shaped Siddhashila, a place at the apex of the universe where all Siddhas (liberated souls) reside after Nirvana.
    Image: Unknown

    Overview of India's history from the Great Dynasties to Independence.

    Indian History
    From Ancient India History to Modern India.

    Medieval History of India
    Article about India's medieval history from the National Portal of India.

    Timeline of India's History
    An overview of India's history.

    History of India
    Wikipedia entry about India's long history.

    Index of India History sites.


    Indigenous People of India

    Baiga women in traditional dress, Madhya Pradesh
    Young Baiga women in traditional dress, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Image: Ekta Parishad

    Indigenous India
    India is home to about 700 tribal groups with a population of over 104 million.

    Wikipedia article about Adivasi, the collective term for the Scheduled Tribes of India.

    The Indigenous Colour of India – The Indian Tribes
    Tourmyindia article about various Indigenous peoples of India.

    Indigenous people in India and the web of indifference

    Down to Earth article about India's indigenous rights and the struggles for oil, coal, and forests at the expense of Indian tribes.




    Countries in South Central Asia:
    Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bhutan | Iran | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Maldives | Nepal | Pakistan | Sri Lanka | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan