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    Istana Negara, the National Palace in Kuala Lumpur
    Istana Negara, the National Palace in Kuala Lumpur is the official residence of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the monarch of Malaysia.
    Image: nationsonline.org

    ___ Malaysia

    Malaysia Flag
    Flag of Malaysia
    Location map of Malaysia. Where in the world is Malaysia?
    Location map of Malaysia
    Destination Malaysia, a virtual guide to the country in Southeast Asia that was formerly known as "Malaya".

    Malaysia consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: the peninsular Malaysia (or West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula bordered by Thailand on the north and Singapore in south, and Malaysian Borneo (or East Malaysia) located on the northern part of the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, bordering Indonesia and surrounding the Sultanate of Brunei. The country shares also maritime borders with the Philippines and Vietnam.

    Malaysia covers a total area of 329,847 km2, making it slightly larger than Norway, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of New Mexico. Highest mountain is Mount Kinabalu with 4,095 m on the island of Borneo. Mt. Kinabalu and the surrounding Kinabalu Park official website are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    Malaysia has a population of 31.6 million people (in 2016). Largest city and the national capital is Kuala Lumpur. Spoken languages are Malay (official), English, Tamil, and Chinese (Cantonese).

    Federation of Malaysia | Persekutuan Malaysia

    Country Profile

    Coat of arms of Malaysia
    Coat of arms of Malaysia

    Official Name:
    Persekutuan Malaysia
    short form: Malaysia
    int'l long form: Federation of Malaysia

    ISO Country Code: my

    Local Time = UTC +8h: Tue-Nov-10  10:09

    Country Calling Code: +60

    Capital City: Kuala Lumpur (pop. 6.9 million in metropolitan area)
    Seat of Government: Putrajaya

    Other Cities:
    Penang, Ipoh, Malacca, Johor Baru, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu, Alor Setar, Shah Alam.

    Type: Federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch.
    Independence: 31. August 1957. (Malaya, which is now peninsular Malaysia, became independent in 1957. In 1963 Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore formed Malaysia. Singapore became an independent country in 1965.). Constitution: 31 August 1957, amended 16 September 1963.

    Location: Southeastern Asia, partly on Malay Peninsula south of Thailand and on the northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam.
    Area: 330,000 km² (127,316 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Coastal plains and interior, jungle-covered mountains. The South China Sea separates peninsular Malaysia from East Malaysia on Borneo.

    Climate: Tropical, annual southwest (Apr to Oct) and northeast (Oct to Feb) monsoons.

    Nationality: Malaysian(s).
    Population: 31.6 million (2016)
    Ethnic groups: Malay 50%, Chinese 24%, Indigenous 11.0%, Indian 7%, non-Malaysian citizens 7 %.
    Religions: Islam (60%), Buddhism (20%), Christianity (10%), Hinduism (6%),Confucianism (2.6%), Animism (1%), others (including Taoism, Sikhism, Baha'i faith).
    Languages: Malay, Cantonese, Hokkien, Mandarin Chinese, English, Tamil, indigenous.
    Literacy: 94%.

    Natural resources: Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite.

    Agriculture products: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah - subsistence crops, rubber, timber, coconuts, rice; Sarawak - rubber, pepper; timber.

    Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging and processing timber.
    Sabah - logging, petroleum production.
    Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging.

    Exports - commodities: semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels

    Exports - partners: Singapore 13.9%, China 13%, Japan 9.5%, US 9.4%, Thailand 5.7%, Hong Kong 4.7%, India 4.1% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals

    Imports - partners: China 18.8%, Singapore 12%, US 8.1%, Japan 7.8%, Thailand 6.1%, South Korea 4.5%, Indonesia 4.5% (2015)

    Currency: Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)

    Malaysia in numbers
    Malaysia Key Statistical Data.

    Malaysia is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country in Southeast Asia and one of the wealthiest and most developed countries, outranked in GNP only by Singapore and oil-rich Brunei. The Federation of Malaya became an independent country on 31 August 1957.
    On 16 September 1963 the federation was enlarged by the accession of the states of Singapore, Sabah (formerly British North Borneo) and Sarawak. The name "Malaysia" was adopted from that date. Singapore left the federation on 9 August 1965.

    border countries: Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand

    related countries: United Kingdom


    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Malaysia

    Malaysia is a federation of 13 states, the country's political system is a constitutional monarchy based on the British Westminster parliamentary system. The nine Malay States (Sultanates) are constitutionally headed by a traditional ruler of royal descent. The representative head of state is the king, who is chosen every five years from the ranks of the rulers of the nine Sultanates according to the principle of rotation. Executive power is vested in the cabinet led by the prime minister, who is the head of government.

    royal National Palace Malaysia
    Official website of the ruler of Malaysia (Yang di-Pertuan Agong).

    Conference of Rulers (Majlis Raja-Raja)
    Official website of the Council of Rulers of Malaysia, the council consists of the nine rulers of the Malay states, and the governors or Yang di-Pertua Negeri, the other four states. The council's responsibility is the election of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) and his deputy, every five years.

    Federal Government of Malaysia (Kerajaan Persekutuan Malaysia)
    Malaysia's government official website.

    Prime Minister's Office
    Official website of the Prime Minister of Malaysia.

    Parlimen Malaysia
    Official Website of the national assembly of Malaysia. The bicameral parliament consists of the lower house, the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) and the upper house, the Senate (Dewan Negara).

    Kementerian Luar Negeri
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Malaysia to the United Nations
    Malaysia's Permanent Mission to the UN.
    High Commission of Malaysia
    Official Website of High Commission of Malaysia, London
    Malaysia's Missions Worldwide
    List of addresses of Malaysia's Missions Worldwide.
    Foreign Missions in Malaysia
    List of addresses of Foreign Missions in Malaysia.

    Visa Information
    Visa Malaysia
    Visa Requirement for Foreigners.

    Malaysian States
    The State of Johor (Johore).
    Kedah State Government
    The State of Kedah.
    The State of Kelantan.
    The Historic City State of Malaysia.
    Negeri Sembilan
    The State of Negeri Sembilan.
    The State of Pahang.
    Penag Government site (in Bahasa Melayu).
    The State of Perak.
    Kerajaan Negeri Perlis, the State of Perlis.
    The State of Sabah.
    The State of Sarawak.
    The State of Selangor.
    The State of Terengganu (Trengganu).


    profile Map of Peninsular Malaysia
    Map of West Malaysia showing the search area where Malaysian Airlines flight MH 370 is supposed to be found.
    profile Political Map of Malaysia
    Map of Malaysia showing Malaysia's 13 states (negeri).
    Google Earth Google Map Malaysia
    Searchable map and satellite view of Malaysia.
    Google Earth Google Map Kuala Lumpur
    Searchable map and satellite view of Malaysia's capital city.
    Google Earth Google Map Johor Bahru
    Searchable map and satellite view of Johor Bahru (JB), Malaysia's second largest city.

    Map of the South China Sea
    Map of the South China Sea region.
    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.


    Daily Express
    Independent National Newspaper of East Malaysia.
    Free Malaysia Today (FMT)
    Malaysia related news.
    New Straits Times
    Tabloid style online news.
    The Star
    Malaysian News for the world.

    Aliran online
    Monthly magazin; Malaysia's first multi-ethnic reform movement dedicated to justice, freedom and solidarity.
    Malaysia Today
    Malaysia magazine by Raja Petra Kamaruddin providing news and commentary critical of the administration.

    Malay language newspaper
    Berita Harian
    Malay News.
    Harian Metro
    Most circulated Malay language newspaper.
    Utusan Malaysia
    Malay language newspaper.

    Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur
    Image: © nationsonline.org


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    Arts & Culture

    Dr. Mahadare
    MahaDARE the Cartoon, Satire on Asian Politics & Social Issues.

    Malay Films (filemelayu.cjb.net)
    Films from Malaysia.

    Dayak Dancer
    Dayak cultural dancers with Mount Santubong in the background. © MTPB


    Business & Economy

    Malaysia, a middle-income country, it has transformed itself since the 1970s from a mainly agricultural producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020 and to move farther up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in Islamic finance, high technology industries, biotechnology, and services. Exports - particularly of electronics, oil and gas, palm oil and rubber - remain a significant driver of the economy.

    Central Bank of Malaysia

    Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange

    Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce & Industry
    Malaysian business information.

    Malaysian Products
    Malaysia's first car manufacturer.
    Malaysia's second automobile manufacturer.



    Malaysian low cost airline.
    Malaysia Airlines
    Serves over 100 destinations in Asia, Australia, USA and Europe.

    Malaysia's International Airports with their IATA airport codes:

    Kuala Lumpur International Airport
    IATA code: KUL

    Kota Kinabalu International Airport
    Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, second busiest airport in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur International Airport; IATA code: BKI

    Kuching International Airport
    Sarawak's main airport; IATA code: KCH

    Langkawi International Airport
    On the island of Langkawi; IATA code: LGK

    Penang International Airport
    On the island of Penang; IATA code: PEN

    Senai International Airport
    Sultan Ismail International Airport near Johor Bahru
    IATA code: JHB.

    Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
    Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia.

    KTMB - Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad
    Malaysia railway network system.

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Destination Malaysia - Country Guides

    Tourism Malaysia
    Official Website of Tourism Malaysia.

    Tourism Malaysia II
    Official site of The Malaysian Tourism Promotion Board (MTPB).

    Malaysia Guide
    by the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board New York.

    Tourism Negeri Sembilan
    Travel and tourism guide to Negeri Sembilan state.
    Sabah Tourism Board
    Travel and tourism guide to Sabah state.
    Sarawak Tourism Board
    Travel and tourism guide to Sarawak state.
    Tourism Terengganu
    A travel and tourism guide to the Malaysian state on the east coast of peninsular Malaysia.

    City Guides
    Kuala Lumpur
    Government of the City of Kuala Lumpur.
    Vision KL
    Kuala Lumpur City Magazine.

    Petronas Towers at night
    Petronas Towers at night.
    Image: nationsonline.org



    University of Malaya
    The oldest and most prestigious university in the country, the public research university is located in Kuala Lumpur.

    Universiti Teknologi (UTM)
    Official web portal of the University of Technology, the public research University in Johor Bahru.

    Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia
    The National Library of Malaysia.
    Iban girls
    Iban Women at Citrawarna (Colors, a festival of culture) © MTPB

    Environment & Nature

    Department of Environment
    Official site of the Malaysian Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment.


    Malaysia : History
    Summary about Malaysia's history by the Commonwealth of Nations organization.

    History of Malaysia
    Wikipedia article about Malaysia's history.

    National Archives of Malaysia
    Custodian of the Nation's Heritage.



    Malaysia Search Engine.
    Malaysia Directory
    Malaysian Search Engine Portal.
    Open Directory: Malaysia

    Sources and additional Information on Malaysia

    BBC Country Profile: Malaysia

    Reporters sans frontières - Malaysia
    Press Freedom Malaysia.

    Wikipedia: Malaysia

    The World Factbook -- Malaysia
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