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    Begijnhof in Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Begijnhof in Amsterdam in the Netherlands. The Begijnhof is a group of historic buildings and one of the oldest inner courts in the city of Amsterdam.
    Image: Dietmar Rabich
    Flag of Netherlands
    Flag of the Netherlands
    Location map of Netherlands. Where in Europe are the Netherlands
    Location map of Netherlands
    Destination Netherlands, a nation in western Europe, bordered by the North Sea in west and north.

    Border countries are Belgium, and Germany. The country also shares maritime borders with France and the United Kingdom.

    European Netherlands is a low-lying country with around a quarter of its territory at or below sea level, it covers an area of 41,543 km2 making it just slightly larger than Switzerland (41,285 km2) or half the size of the U.S. state of South Carolina.

    Dutch Dependencies were the Caribbean islands of Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles. On 10 October 2010 the Netherlands Antilles has been dissolved and its constituent islands have acquired a new status, Cura?ao and St Maarten are now autonomous countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The islands of Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba have become special municipalities.

    The Kingdom has a population of 16,785,000 (est. May 2013), capital and largest city is Amsterdam; seat of government is in the city of The Hague (Den Haag).

    Spoken language is Dutch (official), recognized regional languages are West Frisian (in Friesland), Papiamento (in Bonaire), and English (in Sint Eustatius and Saba).


    Netherlands | Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

    Country Profile

    After centuries of foreign rules by the Romans, Franks, Burgunds, Habsburgs, and Spaniards in 1648 the Dutch Republic became a free and sovereign state. During the 17th century, also called the 'Golden Age', the Republic became increasingly prosperous and a major colonial power, thanks largely to the Dutch East India Company (VOC).

    In 1815, the northern and southern Netherlands – today's Netherlands and Belgium – were combined to form the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but was invaded in World War II by Germany in May 1940 and occupied for five years.

    Today the Netherlands is a modern, industrialized nation and the third largest exporter of food. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EU, and participated in the introduction of the Euro in 1999.

    related countries: France, Indonesia, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, United Kingdom


    Official Name:
    Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
    short form: Nederland
    alternative name: Holland
    int'l short form: Netherlands
    int'l long form: Kingdom of the Netherlands

    ISO Country Code: nl, nld

    Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)

    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  02:23
    Standard Time Zone = UTC +1h
    Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October UTC +2)

    Country Calling Code: +31

    Capital City: Amsterdam (pop. 743 000)
    Den Haag (475 000)
    The Hague (seat of government)

    Other Cities:
    Groningen, Haarlem, Maastricht, Rotterdam, Utrecht

    Type: Constitutional monarchy
    Head of State: Queen Beatrix

    Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany.
    Area: 41,543 km2 (16,040 sq. mi.).
    Terrain: Coastal lowland; land below sea level 24%

    Climate: Temperate maritime.

    Nationality: Noun--Dutchmen and Dutchwomen. Adjective--Dutch.
    Population: 16.9 million (2016)
    Ethnic groups: Predominantly Dutch; largest minority communities are Moroccans, Turks, Surinamese.
    Religions: Roman Catholic (31%), Protestant (21%), Muslim (5,5%), other (2,5%), none (40%).
    Language: Dutch; English widely spoken
    Literacy: 99%.

    Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land.

    Agriculture products: Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock.

    Industries: Agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing.

    Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs

    Exports - partners: Germany 24.5%, Belgium 11.1%, UK 9.3%, France 8.4%, Italy 4.2% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing

    Imports - partners: Germany 14.7%, China 14.5%, Belgium 8.2%, USA 8.1%, UK 5.1% (2015)

    Currency: Euro (EUR)

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Netherlands

    royal Het Koninklijk Huis
    The Dutch Royal House.

    Het Parlement
    Staten Generaal -- the Dutch Parliament with the
    Senate and the
    House of Representatives

    The Dutch government directory.

    Netherlands Board of Tourism (N.B.T.)
    Comprehensive guide to the country - Official Holland Site with 59,000 pages of useful content to people who will travel to holland.

    Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken
    The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs with general information about the Netherlands.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the UN
    Netherlands representation to the United Nations.
    Royal Netherlands Embassy
    USA, Washington D.C.
    Dutch Missions Abroad
    Addresses of Dutch missions by country.
    Foreign Missions in the Netherlands
    Addresses of foreign diplomatic missions in the Netherlands.

    CBS - Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
    Statistics Netherlands presents latest statistics regarding all aspects of the Netherlands.

    Het Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut (KNMI)
    Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute.


    profile Map of the Netherlands
    Political Map of the Netherlands.
    Google Earth Google Earth Netherlands
    Searchable satellite view and map of The Netherlands.
    Google Earth Google Earth Amsterdam
    Searchable map and satellite view of Netherlands' capital.
    Google Earth Google Earth Den Haag
    Searchable satellite view and map of Den Haag.
    Google Earth GoogleEarth Rotterdam
    Searchable satellite view and map of Rotterdam.

    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.


    Netherlands News

    Algemeen Dagblad
    Dutch Newspaper covers national and international news (in Dutch)
    Dagblad van het Noorden
    The biggest newspaper of the Northern Provences, widely respected (in Dutch)
    Expatica.com: Dutch News
    Expatriate site with a daily coverage of the main stories in the Dutch media.
    Het Parool
    Dutch Newspaper, national and international news (in Dutch)
    English language news on and about the Netherlands
    De Telegraaf
    Dutch Newspaper, national and international news (in Dutch)
    De Volkskrant
    Dutch Newspaper, national and international news (in Dutch)
    Radio Netherlands (RN)
    News, current affairs and dutch press reviews.

    Bookmark/share this page


    Arts & Culture

    Arts & Architecture
    A guide to events, attractions and activities.
    Dutch Pop and Rock Music Institute
    The "Nationaal Pop Instituut"
    cultural reference Holland Museums
    All Dutch Museums
    Kunsthal Rotterdam
    Culture in the widest sense of the word, art exhibitions
    A Milestone in the European Hippie Culture
    The birthplace of the painter Piet Mondrian with a permanent collection of its art
    De Museumserver
    Netherlands museums on the WWW (in Dutch)
    Another Milestone in the European Hippie Culture
    Rembrandthuis Museum
    House of Rembrandt van Rijn and permanent collection of almost all of Rembrandt's etchings
    Stedelijk Museum
    Stedelijk Museum of Modern Art, Amsterdam
    The Van Gogh Museum
    web culture XS4ALL
    Notorious Internet Directory ;-)
    Tulips and Tourists at Keukenhof
    Image: Cszmurlo
    Holland beach
    On the Beach

    © NBTC

    Business & Economy

    According to the DHL Global Connectedness Index (GCI) 2016, the Netherlands is the top-ranked country overall, it outranked all other countries in the world in global connectedness, measured by cross-border flows of trade, capital, information and people. Netherlands capital city Amsterdam is ranked number 5 in DHL's hitlist of Globalization Hotspots (cities with the most intense international flows). Furthermore the Netherlands is the 7th largest export economy in the world and the 15th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).
    Since the 1950s the sale of natural gas, generated enormous revenues for the Netherlands for decades to come.

    De Nederlandsche Bank
    Central Bank of the Netherlands

    Amsterdam Exchanges
    is now part of Euronext.

    BuVoHa - Bureau Voor Handelsinlichtingen
    The Trade Information Office is a Dutch association which is specialized in supplying trade information and establishing business contacts between the Netherlands and countries everywhere in the world.

    CBI – Center for the Promotion of Imports from Developing Countries
    The Netherlands Foreign Trade Agency (EVD)

    Kamer van Koophandel
    Netherland's Chamber of Commerce.

    Netherland's telephone directory. (in Dutch)

    Dutch Products
    Amstel Beer.
    Dutch Chocolate.
    Douwe Egberts
    Heineken Beer.
    Spring Garden of Europe.
    Children's and Women's clothing.
    Wooden Shoes
    Dutch clogs.

    Gouden Gids
    Netherlands yellow pages (in Dutch)

    Royal Dutch Airlines
    KLM Royal Dutch Airlines.

    Schiphol Airport
    Official site of Netherlands' principal airport.
    Rotterdam Airport
    Regional airport.

    Nederlandse Spoorwegen
    The Dutch Railroad (in Dutch)

    Rotterdam Port Authority
    Official site of the Rotterdam port and industry complex.


    Rotterdam- South-Holland
    Rotterdam - South-Holland
    © Photo: Eduard Bergman - NBTC

    Windmills of Kinderdijk, Netherlands
    The windmills of Kinderdijk are one of the best known Dutch tourist sites. They have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.
    Image: Tarod

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Destination Netherlands - Travel and Tour Guides

    Discover Holland: Amsterdam, Den Haag, Rotterdam, North-Holland, South Holland, the West Frisian Islands.
    Accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

    Tourism Offices of the Netherlands
    Netherlands Board of Tourism (NBTC)
    Official site with comprehensive tourism information to the Netherlands.

    Noord Holland
    The official tourism site of North-Holland, the most important bulb province in the Netherlands.
    Official visitors guide to South Holland province.
    Zuid-Holland Zuid
    Travel and tourism guide for the southern part of South Holland province.

    Geography of the Netherlands
    Geography of a flat world.
    A guide to "Whats on in the Netherlands".
    Tourism webportal of the Netherlands (in Dutch).

    City Guides
    Official site of the City of Amsterdam with tourism and event information.
    Amsterdam Hotspots
    A guide to all the local favorites.
    The Internet Guide to Amsterdam
    Amsterdam city guide ready to be printed out and taken with you.

    Den Haag
    The Hague is theseat of the Dutch government.

    The biggest city of the Netherlands after Amsterdam, with the largest port of the world.
    Rotterdam Tourism
    The official Rotterdam city guide.

    The City of Groningen.
    The City of Haarlem.
    The oldest city of The Netherlands.
    The City of Utrecht.  

    West Frisian Islands
    Official website of the municipality as well as of the island of Texel.
    Official tourism information about the island.
    Official tourist office website of the municipality and the island.
    Official tourism website of the island.
    Official tourism website of the Dutch Frisian islands (in Dutch and German).




    Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschappen (OCW)
    The Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.
    Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
    The Stateuniversity of Groningen, founded in 1614, one of the oldest universities in Europe.
    Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
    Established in 1956, one of the leading Universities of Technology in Europe.
    Universiteit of Amsterdam
    Universiteit Leiden
    Universiteit Maastricht
    Universiteit Tilburg
    Best Law Faculty of Europe (1998)
    Universiteit Utrecht
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam


    Environment - Environmental organizations Netherlands

    Government environmental agencies
    Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
    The Dutch Ministry is responsible for Transport, Aviation, Housing, Public works, Spatial planning, Land management, Forestry, Water and the Environment.

    The Nature and Environment Federations
    Site about the partnership of private environmental organizations at the provincial level in the Netherlands. The environmental associations are in most provinces, a major opponent of the government.

    De Kleine Aarde
    Organization for ecological lifestyle.
    Greenpeace Nederland
    The Dutch section of Greenpeace.
    GroenFront! is the Dutch branch of EarthFirst!
    Hier (Dutch for ‘Here‘) is the name of a large Dutch climate program whose fundamental idea it is to stress the immediate necessity to implement adaptation projects and initiatives to climate change.
    Friends of the Earth Netherlands.
    Stichting Natuur en Milieu
    The Netherlands Society for Nature and Environment.

    Links to Dutch environmental organizations. (in Dutch)

    Dutch Kinderdijk Windmills
    Cyclists at Kinderdijk Windmills
    © NBTC/Luider

    Amsterdam Canal Houses Amsterdam Canal Houses
    © NBTC


    Timeline Dutch History
    Timeline of Dutch History by the Dutch Rijksmuseum.
    Batavia Yard, National Centre for Maritime History
    Dutch History Resources on the Internet
    by the University Leiden, History Department.
    Dutch Portuguese Colonial History
    Dutch Colonial History.
    Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (1602-1660)
    A site about the history of the Dutch East India Company.
    Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis
    The ING promotes, through faculty research and its own independant research, the disclosure of source material in the subject area of the history of the Netherlands. (in Dutch)
    The Low Countries
    Timeline and reigns of the "Low Countries" in historical chronology.
    culture highlight Koninklijke Bibliotheek
    The National Library of the Netherlands.
    De hoofdlijn van de Nederlandse geschiedenis
    Netherlands history (in Dutch).
    Nationaal Archief
    The largest public archive in the Netherlands.
    Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
    Largest museum with the largest collection of art and history in the Netherlands.
    WWW VL Dutch History Index
    Dutch History internet resources.


    Cyndi's list of Genealogy Sites in the Netherlands.

    Royal Palace Amsterdam
    Royal Palace on Dam Square Amsterdam.

    Science & Research

    Academisch Ziekenhuis Groningen
    One of the biggest academic hospitals in The Netherlands. (in Dutch)
    Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT)
    The Royal Tropical Institute is a knowledge institute specialized in international cooperation and intercultural communication.
    The Royal Dutch Geographical Society
    Geographers working in the field of spatial planning; research and development.
    Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences
    Home page of the academy. (in Dutch)
    Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)
    National research and information centre for climate, climatic change and seismology.
    Space Expo Noordwijk
    Space related exhibition, you even will find a peace of the moon there.


    De Internet index van Nederland.
    Meta-portal contains many thousands of links mainly towards the Netherlands.

    Sources and additional Information on Netherlands

    BBC Country Profile: Netherlands

    EU member countries: Netherlands

    FAO: Netherlands

    GlobalEDGE: Netherlands

    The Heritage Foundation: Netherlands

    Human Rights Watch: Netherlands

    OEC: Netherlands

    Reporters Without Borders: Netherlands

    Wikipedia: Netherlands

    The World Factbook --Netherlands

     Support UNICEF

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