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    Saudi Arabia desert landscape
    Saudi Arabia desert landscape. The vast Arabian Desert wilderness is stretching from Yemen to the Persian Gulf and Oman to Jordan and Iraq.
    Image: Peter Dowley

    ___ Saudi Arabia

    Saudi Arabia Flag
    Flag of Saudi Arabia
    Location map of Saudi Arabia. Where in the world is Saudi Arabia?
    Location map of Saudi Arabia

    Destination Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, a desert country and an Arab Muslim State situated in Southwest Asia. Saudi Arabia occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Red Sea in west and the Persian Gulf in east. It is bordered by Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The country shares maritime borders with Bahrain, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran and Sudan.

    Saudi Arabia is the largest state in Western Asia with an area of more than 2 million km2, it is almost four times the size of Metropolitan France or somewhat larger than Mexico.

    The country has a population of 31.7 million inhabitants (2016), capital and largest city is Riyadh, spoken language is Arabic. Saudi Arabia is a country with a predominantly Muslim population, state religion is Wahhabism, the ultraconservative form of Sunni Islam. 85–95% of Saudi Arabian citizens are Sunni Muslims, 10–15% are Shia. The country is home to Mecca, Islam’s holiest city, and the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad.

    The Kingdom is ruled by the house of Saud along traditional Islamic lines. Saudi Arabia is the largest oil producer in the Middle East. The proven oil reserves in Saudi Arabia are the second largest in the world, estimated to be 268 billion barrels.

    Saudi Arabia | Al-Arabiya as Saudiya

    Country Profile

    al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Saudiyah in arabic
     al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Saudiyah

    Official Name:
    Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya
    local short form: Al-Arabiya as Saudiya
    int'l short form: Saudi Arabia
    int'l long form: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    ISO Country Code: sa

    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  18:16
    Local Time = UTC +3h

    Country Calling Code: +966

    Capital: Riyadh (pop. 4.7 million)

    Major Cities:
    Jeddah, Makkah, Al Madinah, Dammam with Al Khobar and Dhahran, (capital of the Eastern Region), Taif.

    Monarchy with Council of Ministers and Consultative Council.
    Head of State and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques: King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015).
    Unification: 23 September 1932.
    Constitution: The Holy Qur'an (Governed according to Islamic Law)
    Executive: King (chief of state and head of government)
    Legislative: none; a Consultative Council with advisory powers was formed September 1993.
    Judicial: Supreme Council of Justice, Islamic Courts of First Instance and Appeals.
    Political parties: None.

    Location: Southwest Asia, Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen.
    Area: 2 million km² (868,730 sq. mi.), about one-fourth the size of the continental USA.
    Terrain: Deserts, plateaus, mountains in the southwest.

    Arid, with great extremes of temperature in the interior; humidity and temperature are both high along the coast.

    Nationality: Noun: Saudi(s), Adjective: Saudi Arabian or Saudi.
    Population: 31.7 million (2016; Saudi citizens 69%; 31% non-Saudi residents)
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 13 123 (year)
    Ethnic groups: Arab (90% of native pop.), Afro-Asian (10% of native pop.)
    Religion: Islam
    Language: Arabic (official)
    Education: Literacy: male 88%, female 74%.

    Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper.

    Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk.

    Industries: Crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, cement, construction, fertilizer, plastics.

    Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products 90% (2012 est.)

    Exports - partners: China 13.2%, Japan 10.9%, USA 9.6%, India 9.6%, South Korea 8.5% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles.

    Imports - partners: China 13.9%, USA 12.7%, Germany 7.1%, South Korea 6.1%, India 4.5%, Japan 4.4%, UK 4.3% (2015)

    Currency: Saudi Riyal (SAR)

    (Source: Saudi Arabian Information Resource and others)

     Saudi Arabia in Figures
    Saudi Arabia key statistical data.

    In 1902 Abdul al-Aziz Ibn SAUD captured Riyadh and set out on a 30-year campaign to unify the Arabian peninsula. In the 1930s, the discovery of oil transformed the country from an underdeveloped desert kingdom to one of the wealthiest nations in the region. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year.

    A burgeoning population, aquifer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are all major governmental concerns.
    On the morning of the 1st of August, 2005, it was announced that King Fahd had died. Crown Prince Abdullah was affirmed as King and Prince Sultan appointed Crown Prince. He was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to his death in 2015.
    His successor is Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the former Governor of Riyadh and now King of Saudi Arabia.

    Saudi Arabia is a member state of the League of Arab States
    Political system
    Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy and an Islamic theocracy. There are no political parties or national elections. The royal family dominates the political system, the King is chief of state and head of government.

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Saudi Arabia

    Saudi National Portal
    Saudi National e-Government Portal.

    Ministry of Culture & Information
    Official website of the Ministry of Culture and Information (in Arabic).

    Majlis Al-Shura
    The Consultative Assembly of Saudi Arabia.

    Ministry of Hajj
    Official website of the ministry with comprehensive information about the Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs Saudi Arabia, provides also information about Saudi Missions Abroad and

    General Authority for Statistics
    National Statistical Office of Saudi Arabia.

     Saudi Arabia in Figures
    Saudi Arabia key statistical data.

    Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME)
    Weather Forecast for SaudiArabia.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the UN
    Saudi Arabia's representation to the United Nations.
    Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia
    London, UK
    Saudi Arabia Royal Embassy
    Washington, USA


     Map of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Political Map of Saudi Arabia.

    Google Earth Saudi Arabia Google Earth Saudi Arabia
    Searchable map/satellite view of Saudi Arabia.
    Google Earth Riyadh Google Earth Riyadh
    Searchable map/satellite view of Riyadh Saudi Arabia's capital.
    Google Earth Mecca Google Earth Mecca (Makkah)
    Searchable map/satellite view of Mecca, the holy city of Islam, where the Prophet Muhammad was born.

    profile Map of Western Asia
    Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
     Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
    Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.

    Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, the Prophet's Mosque Medina, Saudi Arabia
    Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, the Prophet's Mosque in Medina (Al Madinah), Saudi Arabia.
    Image: Mardetanha 
    Saudi Arabia News

    Official News Releases
    Official News by the Ministry of Information.
    A weekly Arab news magazine. (Arabic/English)
    Riyadh Daily Newspaper. (Arabic)
    Arab News
    A Middle East's English Language Daily.
    Asharq Al-Awsat
    National and international news. (Arabic)
    Riyadh Daily
    Internet Edition, national and international news.
    Saudi Press Agency
    The Kingdom's national wire-service responsible for
    the collection and distribution of local, regional,
    and international news in Saudi Arabia.

    royal King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz
    King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005. Access a full account of the life of King Fahd and his outstanding contribution to the development of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    House of Saud
    Saudi Royal Family News & Information.

    International Saudi Arabia News
    Al Jazeera


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    Arts & Culture

    King Faisal Foundation
    A global philanthropic organisation inspired by Islamic values.
    King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Qur'an
    A Leading Islamic Establishment that Serves the Qur'an and Sunnah.
    King Fahed National Library
    Official website of the library (in Arabic).
    The National Museum, Riyadh
    Representing the rich history of the Arabian Peninsula, and the eternal message of Islam on one page (in Arabic).
    Al-Hajj and Al-Omra (`Umrah)
    Information on the Hajj Farewell Pilgrimage, Hajj and Umrah rituals; the sacred Ka'bah and the Prophet's mosque.
    Dunes of Rub' al Khali, Saudi Arabia
    Rub' al Khali is one of the largest sand deserts in the world, encompassing most of the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula.
    Image: NASA

    Business & Economy

    Ministry of Commerce and Industry
    Official ministry website.

    Council of Saudi Chamber of Commerce and Industry
    The federation for the 25 Saudi Chambers.

    Saudi Arabia Information Resource with comprehensive information about Saudi Arabia.

    Al Rajhi Banking & Investment Corp.
    National Commercial Bank
    Head Office, Jeddah
    Riyad Bank
    Head Office, Riyadh.

    Saudi American Bank (SAMBA)
    Site of the Samba Financial Group.

    Saudi Stock Exchange -Tadawul- market and company information.
    Real-time Prices from Saudi Stock Market.

    Saudi Aramco
    The Saudi Arabia Oil Company is a global player in the petroleum industry.

    Saudia online
    Saudi Arabia business index site.

    Saudi Arabia's Top 100 companies
    List of Saudi Arabia's Top 100 companies.


    Saudi Airlines
    The national carrier of Saudi Arabia.

    Saudi Ports Authority
    The largest Port Network in the Middle East.
    City of Makkah
    City of Makkah
    © Saudi Ministry of Culture & Information
    Praying men at Masjid ul Haram, the Great Mosque of Mecca
    Praying men at Masjid al-Haram, the Great Mosque of Mecca.
    Image: Najamuddin Shahwani

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Saudi Arabia Country Guides

    Saudi Tourism
    Comprehensive information about tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    Supreme Commission for Tourism
    Site provides information about the tourism sector in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    Emirate of Makkah
    Official website of the Imarat Makkah Al-Mokaramah, it covers an area of 150 000 sq. km. with a population of more than 6 millions, it hosts the pilgrims from all around the world who visits the holy city in Makkah (Mecca).



    King Saud University (KSU)
    Founded in 1957 (1376/77 AH) as the Riyadh University, one of the first institutions of higher education in Saudi Arabia, Riyadh.
    King Abdul Aziz University (KAU)
    Founded in 1967 (1386/87 AH), Jeddah and Madinah.
    King Faisal University (KFU)
    Founded in 1975 (1395 AH), Hofuf and in Dammam, Eastern Province. (Arabic only)
    King Fahad University of Petrolume & Minerals
    Founded in 1963 (1382/83 AH). Umm Al-Qur'a Islamic University
    Founded in 1979 (1399/1400 AH), Makkah.
    Islamic University of Madinah
    Founded in 1961 (1380/81 AH), Faculties of Islamic Law (Shari'ah), the Holy Qur'an and Islamic Studies, Da'wa and Usul Al-Din, Islamic Traditions (Hadith) and Arabic Language.

    King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST)
    An independent scientific organization of the Saudi Arabian Government.
    Rub' al Khali, the  Empty Quarter, Arabian Peninsula
    Dunes in Rub' al Khali or Empty Quarter in the southern Arabian Peninsula, it is the largest sand desert on earth.
    Image: Nepenthes

    Environment & Nature

    Environmental organizations Saudi Arabia
    Presidency of Meteorology and Environment
    Sa General Authority of Meteorology and Environmental Protection provides some weather and environment related information.

    Saudi Environmental Society
    SENS is a national non-profit society for the development of the Saudi environment and improving the residents’ conditions in regions and provinces that suffer environmental problems.

    National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development (NCWCD)
    NCWCD develops and implements plans to preserve wildlife in its natural ecology and proposes the establishment of proper protected areas and reserves for wildlife in the Kingdom.

    Environment and Energy | UNDP in Saudi Arabia
    About the United Nations Development Programme in Saudi Arabia.

    Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA)
    According to their website, the Saudi Wildlife Authority is responsible for the conservation and development of wildlife in Saudi Arabia.


    Saudi Arabia - Historical and Cultural Background
    History of Saudi Arabia and the Saudi royal family.
    History Saudi Arabia
    Internet resources on Saudi Arabian history.


    Saudi-Net -- Saudi Arabia
    Saudia online
    Saudi Arabia directory.

    Sources and additional Information on Saudi Arabia

    BBC Country profile: Saudi Arabia

    Amnesty International: Saudi Arabia

    FAO: Saudi Arabia

    GlobalEDGE: Saudi Arabia

    The Heritage Foundation: Saudi Arabia

    Human Rights Watch: Saudi Arabia

    OEC: Saudi Arabia

    Reporters Without Borders: Saudi Arabia

    Wikipedia: Saudi Arabia

    The World Factbook -- Saudi Arabia
     Support UNICEF

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