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    Parliament House Singapore
    Entry to Singapore's Parliament House in the Civic District of Downtown Singapore.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    ___ Singapore

    Lion Symbol of Singapore
    Location map of Singapore. Where in the world is Singapore?
    Location map of Singapore

    A virtual travel guide to Singapura; the Malay name for "Lion City".
    The city-state in Southeast Asia consists of the island of Singapore and about 54 smaller islands. The main island is linked by a causeway to Johor Baru on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.

    The former British colonial trading post is since its independency in 1965, officially the Republic of Singapore, the city state is situated 137 km (85 mi) north of the equator, and just south of Peninsular Malaysia. In south the Strait of Singapore separates the island from the Riau Archipelago of Indonesia.

    Singapore occupies an area of 718 km2, compared, it is the smallest state in Southeast Asia, slightly larger then one fourth of Luxembourg or also slightly larger than 3.5 times the size of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC.

    The city state has a population of 5.6 million people, and a resident population of 3.9 million (in 2016). Official languages are English (language of administration), Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil.

    Singapore is famous for being a global financial center, a shopping paradise, and as a spot for a variety of activities, dining and entertainment.

    Republic of Singapore | Republik Singapura (Malay)   新加坡共和國 (Chinese)

    Country Profile

    Singapore Flag

    Flag of Singapore
    Coat of arms of Singapore
    Coat of arms of Singapore

    Official Name:
    Republik Singapura
    Republic of Singapore
    short form: Singapore
    Chinese (pinyin): Xinjiapo Gònghéguó
    Malay: Republik Singapura

    ISO Country Code: sg

    Local Time = UTC +8h
    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  21:53

    Country Calling Code: +65

    Capital City: Singapore (Sanskrit Singapura--Lion City; pop. 3.5 million)

    Type: Parliamentary Republic.
    Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)
    Constitution: 3 June 1959, amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)

    Location: Southeast Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia.
    Area: 597 km2 (230,5 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve.

    Climate: equatorial, a tropical rainforest climate; hot and humid.

    Nationality: noun: Singaporean(s), adjective: Singapore
    Population: 5.6 million (2016)
    GNI per capita PPP: int'l $ 28,228
    Ethnic Groups: Chinese 77%, Malay 14%, Indian 8%
    Religions: Buddhist (Chinese), Muslim (Malays), Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Taoist, Confucianist.
    Languages: PuTongHua (Mandarin Chinese, official), Malay (official and national), Tamil (official), English (official)
    Literacy: 93%

    Natural resources: Fish, deepwater ports.
    Agriculture - products: Rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables, poultry, eggs, fish, ornamental fish.

    Industries: Electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade.

    Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products, foodstuffs and beverages

    Exports - partners: China 13.7%, Hong Kong 11.5%, Malaysia 10.8%, Indonesia 8.2%, US 6.9%, Japan 4.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

    Imports - partners: China 14.2%, US 11.2%, Malaysia 11.2%, Japan 6.3%, South Korea 6.1%, Indonesia 4.8% (2015)

    Currency: Singapore Dollar (S$, SGD)

    Singapore in Figures
    More Singapore statistical data.

    The island city-state on the southern tip of Malay Peninsula has seen many rulers in its history. It has been an outpost of the ancient Sumatran Srivijaya empire; it was part of the Sultanate of Johore in the 15th and 16th century, and it was burned down by Portugese forces in 1617.
    In the beginning of the 19th century Singapore became a trade post and settlement of the British East India Company and some years later a British crown colony.
    Singapore is today (beside Monaco) the most densely populated independent country in the world. Its strategic location combined with a largely corruption-free government, a skilled work force, pro-foreign investment and export-oriented, led to a successful free-market economy which attracts international investment funds on a large scale despite its relatively high-cost operating environment.

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.   

    Official Sites of Singapore

    Singapore is a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a (in theory) multi-party system. Since 1965, Singapore's policy has been dominated by the People's Action Party (PAP). Therefore, Singapore is classified as a one-party state by critics.
    Head of state is the President, head of government is the Prime Minister. Voting at Singapore's presidential elections or parliamentary elections is compulsory for all eligible citizens. On the other hand, Singapore has been consistently rated in the Top10 of the least corrupt countries in the world by Transparency International.

    Istana Singapore
    Office of the President of the Republic.

    Prime Minister's Office
    The official PMO site.

    The Cabinet
    Official site of the Cabinet.

    The Parliament
    Official web site of the Parliament.

    SINGOV: Singapore Government Online Portal
    The Government's official site.
    Singapore Government Directory interactive (SGDI)
    The government directory lists Ministries, Organs of State, ond other institutions.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
    Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Embassy of Singapore to the U.S.
    Washington D.C.
    Embassy of Singapore in Germany
    Singapore embassy Berlin.
    Singapore Missions Worldwide
    Address list of Singapore Embassies Abroad.
    Foreign Missions Accredited to Singapore
    Addresses of Foreign High Commissions, Embassies, Consulates and International Organizations.
    Visa & Entry Facilities
    Visa information.

    Meteorological Services
    Singapore weather.

    Statistics on Singapore
    Statistical figures, census and more.
    Singapore in Figures
    Singapore key statistical data.


    Map of Singapore
    Map of Singapore.

    Google Earth Google Earth Singapore.
    Searchable map and satellite view of Singapore.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.

    Singapore News

    Lianhe ZaoBao
    National and international news (in Chinese)
    Singapore Press Holdings
    News portal with various newspapers.
    The Straits Times
    National and international news.
    Tamil Murasu
    News in Tamil.

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    Arts & Culture

    great site  Asian Civilizations Museum
    Where Asian Cultures Come Alive - the first museum in the region to present a broad perspective of pan-Asian cultures and civilizations.
    Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum
    The famous Buddhist temple in Chinatown is worth a visit.
    The Chinese Calligraphy Society of Singapore
    The art of calligraphy.
    Theaters on the Bay, is Singapore's a performing arts center.
    National Museum of Singapore
    Singapore's oldest museum hosts Singapore Living Galleries: Fashion, Film & Wayang (shadow puppet theater), Photography and Food.
    Singapore Art Museum
    Local and Southeast Asian modern and contemporary art.

    Singapore Events

    Singapore Arts Festival
    Celebrations of cultural diversity and artistic innovation: dance, music, theater.
    Audi Fashion Festival
    Singapore celebrates fashion on a grand scale.
    Singapore Food Festival
    Feast Your Senses - Singapore's Food Festival brings together Asian and international cuisine.

    World Gourmet Summit
    One of Asia's foremost gastronomic event, the annual epicurean festival that showcases the intricate craftsmanship of prestigious chefs.
    T ch
    In a Temple in Chinatown

    Business & Economy

    Monetary Authority of Singapore MAS
    MAS administers the various statutes pertaining to money, banking,
    insurance, securities and the financial sector in general.

    Singapore Exchange SGX
    Official site of Singapore Stock Exchange.

    Singapore International Chamber of Commerce
    Official site of the Chamber.

    International Enterprise (IE) Singapore
    The formerly Singapore Trade Development Board is the lead agency
    spearheading Singapore's efforts to develop its external economic wing.

    Singapore's Major Companies

    DBS Bank
    DBS is a Singaporean multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Marina Bay, Singapore.
    OCBC Bank
    Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation, a publicly listed financial services organization, headquartered in Singapore.
    United Overseas Bank is a multinational banking organization headquartered in Singapore, UOB has branches in most Southeast Asian countries.

    M1 Limited is one of the three major telcos operating in Singapore.
    Singapore Telecommunications Limited, a major telecommunications company with operations in 20 countries.
    Subsidiary internet service provider of SingTel.

    Great Eastern
    Great Eastern Life is the oldest insurance company in Asia, it is largest life insurer in Singapore and Malaysia.

    Fraser and Neave (F&N)
    The group’s subsidiaries and associated companies include Frasers Centrepoint, Asia Pacific Breweries and Times Publishing. Fraser and Neave is since 2013 a subsidiary of ThaiBev (Chang Beer, Thailand).
    Keppel Corporation
    Company focused on marine, property and infrastructure businesses.
    SembCorp Marine
    Sembcorp Marine provides engineering solutions, the company is headquartered in Singapore.
    Wilmar International
    Asia’s leading agribusiness group, founded in 1991 and headquartered in Singapore.

    Business News
    Business Times Online
    S'pore business news.

    __Yellow Pages
    Yellow Pages Singapore
    Online Yellow Pages.


    Singapore positions itself as a leading aviation hub, strategically located at the heart of the Asia-Pacific region, and well-placed to benefit from the growth potential of aviation-related activities such as air cargo handling, maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services and aircraft manufacturing.

    Singapore Airlines
    Official site of the national carrier, based at Changi Airport.
    The regional wing of Singapore Airlines, connects 25 destinations in Asia.
    Low-cost long-haul airline owned by Singapore Airlines with destinations in Asia and Australia.

    Singapore based budget airline with flights to regional destinations in Southeast Asia, Australia, Japan, China and India.

    Singapore Changi Airport
    Official site of Changi Airport.

    Public Transport
    The state's mass rapid transit passenger service.

    [email protected]
    Public Transport information with interactive maps to get around Singapore.

    Singapore Central Business District
    Singapore - Central Business District
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    Fountain of Wealth - Suntec City
    Fountain of Wealth at Suntec City - the world's largest fountain © STB

    Raffles Statue
    Raffles Statue at Raffles Landing Site
    Image: kk nationsonline.org
    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Destination Singapore - Travel and Tour Guides

    Discover the Lion City: Central Business District, Orchard Road, Chinatown, Little India, Boat Quay, Night Safari, Bugis and Kampong Glam, Jurong Bird Park, Sentosa, Jurong Island, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin.

    Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, recreation, dining, shopping, tours and much more.

    great site Visit Singapore
    The official destination website with comprehensive travel and tourism information.

    Calendar of Events
    Informs you about the attractions and events of the Lion City.

    Singapore Infomap
    Another official city guide to Lion City.

    Singapore Tourism Board
    Travel and tourism information plus event calendar.

    [email protected]

    Another information portal, a gateway to culture, events, recreation & sports.

    This Week Singapore
    Local shopping, dining and entertainment.

    A tour guide to Sentosa, the premier island resort.

    Singapore Zoo
    Wildlife in the city.

    Singapore Hotels
    The Fullerton
    5 star hotel in the Civic District.

    Homepage of the grand old dame of the city.

    Great Singapore Sale
    Sale event in Asia's shopper's paradise.


    Merlion Park
    Merlion in front of The Fullerton Hotel
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    Raffles Hotel
    Raffles Hotel © STB


    Ministry of Education (MOE)
    Official site of the ministry.

    National University of Singapore (NUS)
    The University was founded in 1905.

    NUS Library
    The University's Libraries are a group of six multi-disciplinary libraries.

    Singapore Polytechnic
    Official site with comprehensive information on a very wide range of programmes and courses offered by the Polytechnic.


    Environment & Nature

    Jurong BirdPark
    Bird park in Jurong Town.
    National Environment Agency
    To ensure a quality environment for Singaporeans, for now and for generations to come.
    National Parks Board (NParks)
    Extensive tour guide to Parks and Gardens.
    Singapore Botanic Gardens
    Regional park, botanical institution, and tourist destination.
    great site  Wild Singapore
    All about nature in the Lion City.

    Chinese Gardens
    Garden City: Chinese Garden
    © STB 

    Singapore History

     History of Singapore
    History outline of the city state of Singapore.

    Harbour sceneEarly Singapore
    © Chinatown Heritage Center


    Official Singapore magazine.

    Sources and additional Information on Singapore

    Amnesty International: Singapore

    BBC Country Profile: Singapore

    FAO: Singapore

    GlobalEDGE: Singapore

    The Heritage Foundation: Singapore

    Human Rights Watch: Singapore

    OEC: Singapore

    Reporters Without Borders: Singapore

    Singapore - A Country Study
    (Library of Congress)

    Wikipedia: Singapore

    The World Factbook -- Singapore

    WWW Virtual Library Singapore
     Support UNICEF

    Other Countries in Southeast Asia:
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    Major Cities in Southeast Asia
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