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    View from Sigiriya, Matale District, Sri Lanka
    The ?archaeological remains of the ancient rock fortress of Sigiriya in the central Matale District of Sri Lanka.
    Image: Eleleleven

    ___ Sri Lanka

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    Flag of Sri Lanka
    Location map of Sri Lanka. Where in Asia is Sri Lanka?
    Location map of Sri Lanka
    Destination Sri Lanka, an island nation in the Indian Ocean, located between the Laccadive Sea in west and the Bay of Bengal in east. The island is situated about 30 km (19 mi) south east of the southern coast of India. Sri Lanka consists of a main island and a number of smaller islands. Until 1972 the country was known as Ceylon.

    The islands cover an area of 65,610 km2, compared the country is about 1.5 times the size of Denmark, or slightly larger than the U.S. state West Virginia.

    Sri Lanka has a population of 21.2 million people (in 2016), capital is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, a satellite city of Sri Lanka's largest city Colombo. Spoken languages are Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (a national language) 18%, other 8%, about 10 % of the population speak English as a second language.

    Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

    Country Profile

    The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced beginning in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200).

    In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty seized power in the north and established a Tamil kingdom. Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century, the island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was united under British rule by 1815.

    As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. Tens of thousands have died in an ethnic conflict that continues to fester. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002, with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but neither side has formally withdrawn from the cease-fire.

    In May 2009 government forces defeated the LTTE. Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    related countries: China, India, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom

    Official Name:
    Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
    short form: Sri Lanka
    in Tamil: Ilankai
    former: Serendib, Ceylon

    ISO Country Code: lk, lka

    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  21:16
    Local Time = UTC +6h

    Country Calling Code: +94

    Capital: Colombo (pop. 1.3 million--urban area)
    (former names: Kalan-totta, Kola-amba-thota)
    The city of Sri Jayewardenepura-Kotte is the officially designated capital city and is the seat of Sri Lanka's Parliament, but it is currently just the administrative center.

    Other Cities:
    Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (210 000), Moratuwa (200 000), Kandy (150 000), Jaffna (100 000), Galle (80 000), Anuradhapura (50 000).

    Type: Republic
    Independence: 4 February 1948 (from the UK)
    Constitution: 31 August 1978.

    Location: Asia, south of the Indian subcontinent.
    Area: 65,610 km2 (25,332 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Coastal plains in the northern third of country; hills and mountains in south-central Sri Lanka rise to 2 133 meters (7 000 ft.).

    Climate: Tropical; rainy seasons--light in northeast, fall and winter, with average rainfall of 50 in.; heavy in southwest, summer and fall, with average rainfall of 200 in.

    Nationality: Sri Lankan(s).
    Population: 21.2 million (2016)
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 4145 (year)
    Ethnic groups: Sinhalese (74%), Tamils (18%), Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%.
    Religions: Buddhism (69%), Hinduism (15%), Christianity (8%), and Islam (7%).
    Languages: Sinhala and Tamil (official), English.
    Literacy: 91%

    Natural resources:
    Agricultural products: Paddy, maha, yala, rubber, tea, coconut.

    Agriculture products: Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, beef.

    Industries: Rubber processing, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco.

    Exports - commodities: textiles and apparel, tea and spices; rubber manufactures; precious stones; coconut products, fish.

    Exports - partners: USA 26%, UK 9%, India 7.2%, Germany 4.3% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: petroleum, textiles, machinery and transportation equipment, building materials, mineral products, foodstuffs.

    Imports - partners: India 24.6%, China 20.6%, UAE 7.2%, Singapore 5.9%, Japan 5.7% (2015)

    Currency: Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)

    Sri Lanka in numbers
    Sri Lanka key statistical data.

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka Government
    The official web portal of the government of Sri Lanka.

    President of Sri Lanka
    The official website of the President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

    Sri Lanka Parliament
    The Parliament of Sri Lanka.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sri Lanka
    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides information on Sri Lanka.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Embassy of Sri Lanka in the U.S.
    Embassy of Sri Lanka in Washington D.C.
    Sri Lanka Missions Abroad
    Address list of Sri Lankan Missions.
    Diplomatic Missions in Sri Lanka
    List of foreign embassies in Sri Lanka.

    Department of Census and Statistics
    Sri Lanka in figures.

    Meteorological Department - Sri Lanka
    Weather Forecasts and Astronomical Information.


    profile Sri Lanka Administrative Map
    Administrative Map of Sri Lanka.
    profile Sri Lanka Map
    Reference map of Sri Lanka.
    Google Earth Google Earth Sri Lanka
    Searchable map and satellite view of Sri Lanka.
    Google Earth Google Earth Colombo
    Searchable map and satellite view of Sri Lanka's capital city.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.

    Elephants in the rain in Kaudulla National Park
    Elephants in the Kaudulla National Park, in the drought period Sri Lankan elephants move to the Minneriya lake to drink and feed. The Elephant is the national animal of Sri Lanka.
    Image: Christophe Meneboeuf

    News from Sri Lanka

    Colombo Page
    Sri Lankan Internet Newspaper.
    Daily Mirror
    Sri Lankan news paper.
    Daily News
    The widest coverage in Sri Lanka (Lake House Newspapers).
    The Island
    Daily national and international news.
    Lanka Business Online
    Sri Lanka businesse news.
    Official Sri Lanka News
    by the Department of Information - Sri Lanka.

    The Sunday Observer
    (by Lake House Newspapers)
    The Sunday Times
    Weekly News

    With news related to the conflict of the Tamil people with the predominantly Sinhalese government.

    Sinhala Newspapers:

    Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation
    Radio Ceylon.

    International News Sources
    BBC News Country Profile: Sri Lanka
    With links to Sri Lanka related news and background information.
    Reuters AlertNet - Sri Lanka
    Reuters news.

    Human Rights
    Amnesty International: Sri Lanka
    Amnesty International Reports.
    Human Rights Watch: Sri Lanka
    Background Briefings.
    IRINnews Sri Lanka
    UN humanitarian news and analysis.

    Press freedom
    Reporters sans frontières - Sri Lanka
    Annual report about Press freedom in the country.

    Bookmark/share this page


    Arts & Culture

    National Library of Sri Lanka
    The National Library and Documentation Centre.

    Pandith Amaradeva (dead link)
    Master musician and most influential force in Sri Lankan music (died 3 November 2016 (aged 88)).

    Sri Lankan Cricket
    The Official Home of Sri Lankan Cricket.


    Sinhala-english dictionary
    Online dictionary for sinhala, singhalese.
    Sinhala and Tamil fonts
    Free fonts for download.


    WWW Virtual Library - Sri Lanka
    Sri Lankan People and Ethnic Groups.
    Veddhas: The unspoilt children of nature
    Sri Lanka's aboriginal inhabitants.


    The Tamil point of view.
    Issues concerning the Tamil people and developments in the war-torn northeast.
    Mihintale, Sri Lanka
    Mihintale, the cradle of Buddhism in Sri Lanka.
    © Sri Lanka Tourist Board

    Business & Economy

    Central Bank of Sri Lanka
    National Development Bank of Sri Lanka
    Promotes the industrial, agricultural and commercial development in Sri Lanka.

    __Chambers of Commerce
    National Chamber of Commerce

    The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce

    __Import and Export
    Sri Lanka Apparel Exporters Association
    Import and Export Control Department
    Sri Lanka Export Development Board - EDB
    Sri Lanka Business Portal of the premier state organisation dealing with the promotion and development of exports.

    Board of Investment of Sri Lanka

    __Sri Lanka Products
    Sri Lanka Teaboard
    Largest exporter of Ceylon tea.
    Ceylon Tea.
    Mabroc Teas
    Trading and marketing of Ceylon Tea.

    __Sri Lanka business news
    Lanka Business Online
    SL business news.

    __Yellow Pages
    Lanka Link
    Sri Lanka's largest web directory and search engine.
    Sri Lanka Yellow Pages

    Sri Lankan Airlines
    The former Sri Lankan flag carrier Air Lanka. Site provides flight schedules, reservations, vacation information and more.

    Sri Lanka Ports Authority
    Sri Lanka has four commercial sea ports, Colombo, Galle, Trincomalee and Kankasanthurai. These ports are managed by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority.

    Girl selling coconuts, Sri Lanka
    Girl selling coconuts
    © Sri Lanka Tourist Board
    Stupa and sitting Buddhas in the cave monasteries of Dambulla, Sri Lanka
    Stupa with sitting Buddhas in the Dambulla cave monasteries in Sri Lanka.
    Image: Lankapic

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    Destination Sri Lanka - Travel and Tour Guides

    Discover Sri Lanka also known as Serendib the "resplendent land": the "harbour with mango trees" Colombo (Kola-amba-thota), Dambulla, Galle, Jaffna (Yazhppanam), Kandy (Kanda Uda Rata), Polonnaruwa, Sigiriya.
    Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, adventure, ayurveda, buddhism, temples, elephant riding, and much more.

    Sri Lanka Tourist Board
    The Ceylon Tourist Board web sIte provides travel and tourism information.

    A travel portal with comprehensive information on travel and tourism in Sri Lanka.

    Sri Lankan community portal with broad information on country and society.

    Sri Lanka Web Server
    Sri Lanka portal.

    Sri Lanka UNESCO World Heritage Sites

    Golden Temple of Dambulla
    Site about the Royal Rock Temple of Dambulla, a sacred pilgrimage site for 22 centuries.

    Ancient City of Polonnaruwa
    The ancient city of Polonnaruwa was the second capital of Sri Lanka after the destruction of Anuradhapura in 993.

    Ancient City of Sigiriya
    The 'Mount of Remembrance' Sigiriya or Sihigiriya, the ancient rock fortress near Dambulla, the former capital of Sri Lanka, it was built by King Kassapa (or Kasyapa).

    City Guides
    Site with comprehensive information about the city of Jaffna.

    Kandy City
    Official website of Kandy, the city formerly named Senkadagalapura or Kanda Uda Rata.
    Sri Dalada Maligawa 
    Official web site of the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic; Kandy.


    Sri Lanka Kandy Perahera
    Kandy Perahera Pageant
    © Sri Lanka Tourist Board

    Deepavali Festival, Sri Lanka
    Deepavali Festival
    © Sri Lanka Tourist Board


    Lanka Academic Network
    Our mission is to enhance educational opportunities in Sri Lanka
    University of Colombo
    The oldest campus in Sri Lanka
    University of Moratuwa
    The University has its origins in the Ceylon Technical College of Maradana, which was established in 1893
    University of Peradeniya
    Successor to the University of Ceylon, the first institution of its kind in the country, founded in 1942.

    Science and Research
    National Science Foundation (NSF)
    Initiate, facilitate and support scientific research by universities, science and technology institutions and scientists.
    Yapahuwa, Sri Lanka
    Monk at Yapahuwa
    © Sri Lanka Tourist Board

    Environment & Nature

    Sri Lanka Wildlife Conservation Society
    Organization to conserve and preserve the dwindling biodiversity of Sri Lanka.
    The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka
    Sri Lanka's leading biodiversity exploration and research institution and natural- history publisher.


    Sri Lanka History
    Wikipedia an overview of the various periods of Sri Lanka's history.
    History & Archaeology - Sri Lanka Explorer
    Links to history of Ceylon/Sri Lanka
    great site History & Archaeology
    by WWW Virtual Library Sri Lanka.
    The People of Sri Lanka ... a historical perspective
    History of Sri Lanka and its people.
    Sri Lanka: The untold story
    Background information about Sri Lanka's cultural and social development by Asia Times.
    Rock Temple Dambulla, Sri Lanka
    A Buddha of the Royal Rock Temple Dambulla
    © goldenchannelsrilanka.org



    A gateway to Sri Lanka.
    Lanka Link
    Sri Lanka's largest web directory and search engine.
    Our Lanka
    Sri Lanka web directory.

    Sources and additional Information on Sri Lanka

    Amnesty International: Sri Lanka

    BBC Country profile: Sri Lanka

    Human Development Reports (HDR): Sri Lanka

    Human Rights Watch: Sri Lanka

    globalEDGE: Sri Lanka

    The Heritage Foundation: Sri Lanka

    OEC: Sri Lanka

    Reporters Without Borders: Sri Lanka

    Wikipedia: Sri Lanka

    CIA World Factbook -- Sri Lanka

    WWW Virtual Library - Sri Lanka
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