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    Sun Moon Lake, Nantou County
    Sun Moon Lake in Nantou County is the largest body of water in Taiwan.
    Image: Justin Hwang

    Taiwan Flag
    Flag of Taiwan

    Location map of Taiwan. Where in Asia is Taiwan?
    Location map of Taiwan
    Destination Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), a largely mountainous island nation in East Asia, formerly known as Formosa.

    Taiwan is located north of the Philippines and the South China Sea, about 180 km off the southeastern coast of China, separated from the mainland by the Taiwan Strait. The island shares maritime borders with China, Japan, and the Philippines.

    With an area of 36,188 km2 Taiwan is slightly larger than Belgium or slightly smaller than the U.S. states of Maryland and Delaware combined.

    The ROC has a population of 23.5 million (in 2015), making it one of the most populated countries in the world; capital city is Taipei, largest city is New Taipei City or Xinbei, an urban agglomeration with 4 million people that surrounds the capital.

    Republic of China on Taiwan | 中華民國 | T'ai-wan

    Country Profile

    In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan, however it reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China.

    Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the native population within its governing structure. Throughout this period, the island has prospered to become one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issue continues to be the relationship between Taiwan and China and the question of eventual reunification.

    According to U.S. State Department, the United States and Taiwan enjoy a robust unofficial relationship. The 1979 U.S.-P.R.C. Joint Communique switched diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing. The United States does not support Taiwan independence, but 'the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act provides the legal basis for the unofficial relationship between the United States and Taiwan, and enshrines the U.S. commitment to assist Taiwan in maintaining its defensive capability'.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook and others)

    Official Name:
    formally: Republic of China
    traditional Chinese: 臺灣 or 臺灣; simplified Chinese: 臺灣; Pinyin: Táiwan
    int'l short form: Taiwan
    abbreviation: ROC
    historically known as: Formosa

    ISO Country Code: tw, twn
    Actual Time: Sat-Nov-7  03:57
    Local Time = UTC +8h

    Country Calling Code: +886

    Capital City: Taipei (pop. 2.6 million)

    Other Cities: Kaohsiung (pop. 1.5 million).

    Type: Multi-party democracy.
    Constitution: 25 December 1946; last amended 2000.

    Location: Eastern Asia, islands southeastern of the coast of China.
    Area: 36,188 km² (13,972 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Largely mountainous.

    Climate: Maritime subtropical.

    Nationality: Taiwan
    Population: 23.5 million (2015)
    Taiwan is the second most densely populated area in the world.
    Ethnic groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%.
    Religions: mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%.
    Languages: Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese, official), Holo Taiwanese, Hakka (spoken by the Hakka minority group), other indigenous languages (Formosan).
    Literacy: 96 %.

    Natural resources: Small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos.

    Agriculture products: Rice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk, fish.

    Industries: Electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing.

    Exports - commodities: semiconductors, petrochemicals, automobile/auto parts, ships, wireless communication equipment, flat display displays, steel, electronics, plastics, computers

    Exports partners: China 27.1%, Hong Kong 13.2%, USA 10.3%, Japan 6.4%, Singapore 4.4% (2012 est.)

    Imports - commodities: oil/petroleum, semiconductors, natural gas, coal, steel, computers, wireless communication equipment, automobiles, fine chemicals, textiles

    Imports partners: Japan 17.6%, China 16.1%, USA 9.5% (2012 est.)

    (Source: ROC Bureau of Foreign Trade -- Trade Statistics and CIA World Fact Book)

    Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (TWD)

    Taiwan Presidential Office Building in Taipei
    Taiwan Presidential Office Building in Taipei, seen from Ketagalan Boulevard. The building houses the Office of the President of Taiwan.
    Image: Uwe Aranas

    Official Sites of Taiwan

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Government Information Office
    Official website of the Republic of China with comprehensive Taiwan facts and figures.

    Office of the President, Republic of China
    ROC President Office Home Page.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Official Web Site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    Diplomatic Missions:
    Information Division
    Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in New York.

    ROC Embassies and Missions Abroad


     Map of Taiwan
    Detailed Map of Taiwan.
    Google Earth Google Earth Taiwan
    Searchable map/satellite view of Taiwan.
    Google Earth Google Earth Taipei
    Searchable map/satellite view of Taiwan's capital city.

    Administrative Map of China
    Political Map of mainland China's Administrative Divisions.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Political Map of Asia.

    Central Weather Bureau Taiwan
    Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau Web Site.

    Taiwan News
    The media environment in Taiwan is among the freest in Asia. Laws which prohibit the promotion of independence from China or communism are not generally enforced. According to RSF, the main threat to media freedom comes from China, which has been exerting growing economic and political pressure on the Taiwanese media.

    Central News Agency
    CNA - Taiwan's national news Agency.

    China Post
    Daily English-language newspaper.
    China Times
    National news (in Chinese)
    The Taipei Times
    National and international news.
    Taiwan News
    The Voice of the People.

    China Television Company, Ltd
    Commercial advertising and broadcasting services.
    Commercial TV broadcasts from Taiwan.
    Taiwan Public Television Service Online
    Non-profit terrestrial broadcaster echoing the island's staggering diversity (partly in English).


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    Arts & Culture

    Council for Cultural Affairs
    official site of Taiwan culture affairs.

    Performing arts groups in Taiwan.

    Kao-Hsiung Museum of Fine Arts
    Southern Taiwan museum for fine arts.

    Traditional Chinese Performing Arts in Taiwan.

    A Survey of the Art Scene in Taiwan
    A Review on the The Taiwan Art Scene by Roger McClanahan.

    National Palace Museum
    NPM in Taipei presents the foremost collections of Chinese art and objects in the world.

    Taipei Folk Dance Troupe
    The Taipei Folk Dance Troupe © gio.gov.tw

    Business & Economy

    Central Bank of China (Taiwan)
    In 1923, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, National Father of the Republic of China, promoted the establishment of the Central Bank of China (the Bank) with the primary goal of financing national developments.

    Taiwan Stock Exchange TWSE
    Official website of Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation.

    Board of Foreign Trade, MOEA
    An agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs.

    China External Trade Development Council (CETRA)
    [email protected] - a gateway to trade with Taiwan.

    Taiwan International Tradeshows
    A guide to Taiwan's tradeshows.

    China Airlines
    China Airlines is Taiwan's largest air carrier. Operating one of the
    youngest fleet in the world, their 66 advanced aircraft flying to 60
    destinations of 23 countries in 4 continent.
    EVA Air
    EVA Air is part of the Evergreen Marine Corporation, EVA Air serves more than 40 destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and North America.
    Far Eastern Air Transport is the first private air transport company completely run by Taiwan people.
    Mandarin Airlines
    Operates on domestic and international routes.
    UNI Air
    Result of the merging of Great China Airlines and Taiwan Airways. (in Chinese)

    Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport
    By far Taiwan's most busiest international airport.

    Taiwan Railway
    Official site of Taiwan's Railway.
    Mount Jade - Yushan National Park, Taiwan
    Mount Jade © gio.gov.tw

    Jade Lake, Taiwan
    Wanta Reservoir at Wushe in Nantou County, called the Jade Lake
    © gio.gov.tw

    Coast near Sioulin township, Hualien county, Taiwan
    Coast near Sioulin township, Hualien county, Taiwan.
    Image: Kovis Lo

    Destination Taiwan - Travel and Tour Guides

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

    The Taiwan Tourism Bureau
    Taiwan Tourism Information by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.

    Tourism Bureau Taiwan
    About Taiwan, a country guide from the Government Information Office.(Nur PDF Datein gefunden)

    Taipei Tourism Office
    Taiwan information in German.

    Culture Taiwan
    Taiwan's cultural event calender.

    The National Scenic Areas in Taiwan
    Information about the national scenic areas in Taiwan, from South up North:
    Dapeng Bay National Scenic Area
    About Dapeng Bay situated in the southwest coast.
    Maolin National Scenic Area
    About Maolin, situated in southeast Kaohsiung County.
    Southwest Coast
    More about Taiwan's Southwest Coast, the coastline along the three counties of Yunlin, Chiayi, and Tainan.
    East Rift Valley
    Scenic East Rift Valley situated at Hualien and Taitung counties.
    Alishan National Scenic Area
    A travel and tourism guide to Alishan, one of Taiwan's National Parks.
    East Coast National Scenic Area
    About the east coast of Taiwan between Hualien and Taitung.
    Sun Moon Lake
    Scenic Sun Moon Lake where water and sand meet.
    Tri-Mountain National Scenic Area
    Information about the three scenic areas: Lion's Head Mountain, Lishan, and Baguashan, in northern and central Taiwan.
    Northeast Coast
    More about Taiwan's NE coast.
    North Coast and Guanyinshan National Scenic Area
    More about Taiwan's North Coast Scenic Area.

    Taiwan Panorama
    A Window on Taiwan, online magazine.
    Travel in Taiwan
    Taiwan's Travel Magazine.

    City Guides
    Official site of the Municipality of Taipei.
    Official site of Kaohsiung City Government.
    The Handy Guide for Foreigners in Taiwan
    The latest edition of “The Handy Guide for Foreigners in Taiwan” is now out in both Chinese and English! Free downloads are available.

    Taipei and Taipei 101 skyscraper, Xinyi District, Taipei
    Taipei City with Taipei 101, the supertall skyscraper in Xinyi District is the most famous landmark in Taiwan's capital.
    Image: Thomas Tucker

    Alishan Taiwan
    Alishan, a national scenic area in Taiwan © ali.org.tw


    National Taiwan University
    The predecessor of National Taiwan University was Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University, founded by the Japanese in 1928.
    Forest in Taiwan Province.
    Forest in Taiwan Province.
    Image: tsaiga

    Environment & Nature

    Environmental Protection Administration - EPA
    The EPA was founded with the mission of protecting and improving the environment.

    Taiwan Forestry Research Institute
    The Official website provides information about the work and the function of the research institute.

    Nature Conservation Taiwan
    Government agency for nature conservation in Taiwan.

    Environmental issues facing Taiwan
    Article analyzes the main environmental challenges Taiwan is facing.


    China-Taiwan Relations
    It's complicated, article about the historical relations between China and Taiwan.

    Formosa: 19th Century Images
    Woodcuts, sketches and etchings concerning Taiwan.

    New Taiwan, Ilha Formosa
    With information on Taiwan's History.

    Taiwan's 400 years of history
    A virtual walk through the history of Taiwan.

    Taiwan Timeline 1945 - 2002
    by BBC.

    Chinese Dynasties
    Timeline of Chinese Imperial and Modern Dynasties.
    Chaotien Temple at Peikang, Taiwan
    Chaotien Temple at Peikang
    © GIO - Photo: Larry Hsieh  

    Issues Taiwan

    Guardian Unlimited: Taiwan and China
    The UK newspaper's articles regarding the Taiwan/China relations.

    Taiwan Documents Project
    Taiwan Documents Project was established in 1999 to provide researchers and other interested persons a comprehensive source of primary material relating to the dispute over Taiwan.

    Taiwan Security Research
    Designed to provide an unbiased, reliable English-language source of up-to-date information relating to Taiwan's security situation.



    YamWeb Navigator
    The Taiwan index.

    Sources and additional Information on Taiwan

    Amnesty International: Taiwan

    BBC Country Profile: Taiwan

    globalEDGE: Taiwan

    The Heritage Foundation: Taiwan

    Human Rights Watch: Taiwan

    OEC: Taiwan

    Reporters Without Borders: Taiwan

    Wikipedia: Taiwan

    The World Factbook -- Taiwan
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